University of Oulu

Reza Moosavi, Saeedeh Parsaeefard, Mohammad Ali Maddah-Ali, Vahid Shah-Mansouri, Babak Hossein Khalaj, Mehdi Bennis,Energy efficiency through joint routing and function placement in different modes of SDN/NFV networks, Computer Networks, Volume 200, 2021, 108492, ISSN 1389-1286,

Energy efficiency through joint routing and function placement in different modes of SDN/NFV networks

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Author: Moosavi, Reza1; Parsaeefard, Saeedeh2; Maddah-Ali, Mohammad Ali3;
Organizations: 1School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
3Department of Electrical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
4Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2023-10-02


Network function virtualization (NFV) and software-defined networking (SDN) are two promising technologies to enable 5G and 6G services and achieve cost reduction, network scalability, and deployment flexibility. However, migration to full SDN/NFV networks in order to serve these services is a time-consuming process and costly for mobile operators. This paper focuses on energy efficiency during the transition of mobile core networks (MCN) to full SDN/NFV networks and explores how energy efficiency can be addressed during such migration. We propose a general system model containing a combination of legacy nodes and links, in addition to newly introduced NFV and SDN nodes. We refer to this system model as partial SDN and hybrid NFV MCN, which can cover different modes of SDN and NFV implementations. Based on this framework, we formulate energy efficiency by considering joint routing and function placement in the network. Since this problem belongs to the class of non-linear integer programming problems, to solve it efficiently, we present a modified Viterbi algorithm (MVA) based on multi-stage graph modeling and a modified Dijkstra’s algorithm. We simulate this algorithm for a number of network scenarios with different fractions of NFV and SDN nodes and evaluate how much energy can be saved through such transition. Simulation results confirm the expected performance of the algorithm, which saves up to 70% energy compared to a network where all nodes are always on. Interestingly, the amount of energy saved by the proposed algorithm in the case of hybrid NFV and partial SDN networks can reach up to 60%–90% of the saved energy in full NFV/SDN networks.

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Series: Computer networks. The international journal of computer and telecommunications networking
ISSN: 1389-1286
ISSN-E: 1872-7069
ISSN-L: 1389-1286
Volume: 200
Article number: 108492
DOI: 10.1016/j.comnet.2021.108492
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Copyright information: © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license