University of Oulu

Mirka Carita Niskanen, Pauli Taneli Mattila, Ahti Olavi Niinimaa, Miira Marjaliisa Vehkalahti & Matti Lauri Edvard Knuuttila (2020) Behavioural and socioeconomic factors associated with the simultaneous occurrence of periodontal disease and dental caries, Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 78:3, 196-202, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2019.1679389

Behavioural and socioeconomic factors associated with the simultaneous occurrence of periodontal disease and dental caries

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Author: Niskanen, Mirka Carita1; Mattila, Pauli Taneli2; Niinimaa, Ahti Olavi3;
Organizations: 1Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Central Ostrobothnia Joint Municipal Authority for Social and Health Services, Central Hospital for Central Ostrobothnia, Kokkola, Finland
2Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, and Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022022821153
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2020
Publish Date: 2022-02-28
Description:

Abstract

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the association of behavioural and socioeconomic factors with the occurrence of periodontal disease and dental caries, paying special attention to the simultaneous occurrence of these diseases.

Materials and methods: The study population consisted of 5255 dentate persons aged ≥30 years from a nationally representative survey. Caries and probing pocket depth were recorded by tooth and calculated in relation to the number of existing teeth. The groups were: non-affected (A), the two most affected quintiles for periodontal disease with little or no dental caries (B), the two most affected quintiles for dental caries with little or no periodontal disease (C) and the two most affected quintiles for both periodontal disease and dental caries (D). Presence of dental plaque was determined, and behavioural and socioeconomic factors were established.

Results: Dental plaque, smoking, lack of regular dental check-ups, older age and a basic level of education were strongly associated with the simultaneous occurrence of periodontal disease and dental caries.

Conclusions: There are many behavioural and socioeconomic factors that associate with the occurrence of both periodontal disease and dental caries. These factors also increase the risk of individuals having these diseases simultaneously.

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Series: Acta odontologica Scandinavica
ISSN: 0001-6357
ISSN-E: 1502-3850
ISSN-L: 0001-6357
Volume: 78
Issue: 3
Pages: 196 - 202
DOI: 10.1080/00016357.2019.1679389
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1080/00016357.2019.1679389
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Subjects:
Copyright information: © 2020 Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Society. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Acta Odontologica Scandinavica on 05 Nov 2019, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2019.1679389.