University of Oulu

Harilal, V., Tichaawa, T. M., & Saarinen, J. (2021). The Impacts of Ecotourism and Conservation Measures in Protected Areas on Local Communities in Cameroon. Tourism Review International, 25(2), 89–103.

The impacts of ecotourism and conservation measures in protected areas on local communities in Cameroon

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Author: Harilal, Vyasha1; Tichaawa, Tembi M.1; Saarinen, Jarkko1,2
Organizations: 1School of Tourism and Hospitality, Department of Tourism, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
2University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 11 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Cognizant Communication Corporation, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-03-02


The growth of ecotourism has an impact on the livelihoods of people living within and adjacent to protected areas, where ecotourism activities often take place. In some cases, evolving ecotourism has compromised the ability of locals to sustain and diversify their livelihoods. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of ecotourism and conservation measures implemented in protected areas in Cameroon on local communities residing either within or in close proximity to them. The study employed a mixed method research approach based on two case study areas in Cameroon (the Mount Cameroon National Park and the Douala Edea Wildlife Reserve). Key findings of the study suggest that the geographic location of communities, coupled with instituted conservation and preservation measures and the level of ecotourism activity, has a direct bearing on the severity of resultant impacts experienced by locals. Overall, measures in protected areas have been found to increase the conservation and preservation thereof. However, the extent to which communities are impacted upon by these measures differs in each case study area owing to factors such as geographical proximity, livelihood strategies, and community involvement in ecotourism.

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Series: Tourism review international. An interdisciplinary journal
ISSN: 1544-2721
ISSN-E: 1943-4421
ISSN-L: 1544-2721
Volume: 25
Issue: 2-3
Pages: 89 - 103
DOI: 10.3727/154427220X16092157169853
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Copyright information: © 2021 Cognizant, LLC. All rights reserved. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.