University of Oulu

Mourelatos, E. How personality affects reaction. A mental health behavioral insight review during the Pandemic. Curr Psychol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02425-9

How personality affects reaction : a mental health behavioral insight review during the Pandemic

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Author: Mourelatos, Evangelos1,2
Organizations: 1Department of Economics, Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Economics, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022030321729
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-03-03
Description:

Abstract

The fear caused by the Covid-19 pandemic is changing our psychology and behavior. This ongoing negative event, imposing restrictions such as home isolation and social distancing, can result in heightened anxiety, depression and a sense of loneliness, with immediate effects on mental health. This study investigates adolescents’ reaction to the pandemic, by analyzing the behavioral mental health trends of depression, anxiety and sense of loneliness, in relation to personality traits. After controlling for demographics and family background, our results reveal strong relationships between several personality traits and psychological health indicators, during the pandemic in Greece. A total of 419 secondary school students (aged 12–18) were administered the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), the Child Depression Inventory (CDI), the Big Five Inventory for measuring personality (BFI) and the Children’s Loneliness Questionnaire (CLS) during two time periods within pandemic. Overall, it appears that depression increased significantly in line with the escalation of the pandemic, while anxiety decreased, with the strongest predictors being the personality variables of extraversion, neuroticism and openness. Surprisingly, the study also revealed that the level of extraversion has a positive effect on changes in anxiety, while a negative one on changes in depression. On the other hand, neuroticism and openness seem to negatively correlate with anxiety changes and positively with depression changes. These findings highlight the importance of considering these variables in addressing individuals’ mental health behavior during the Covid-19 pandemic and elucidate the literature by offering a deeper understanding of the strong relationship between personality, depression and anxiety.

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Series: Current psychology
ISSN: 1046-1310
ISSN-E: 1936-4733
ISSN-L: 1046-1310
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1007/s12144-021-02425-9
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02425-9
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 515 Psychology
Subjects:
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2021. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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