University of Oulu

Srinivas Aditya, U. S. P., Singh, R., Singh, P. K., & Kalla, A. (2021). A survey on blockchain in robotics: Issues, opportunities, challenges and future directions. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 196, 103245.

A survey on blockchain in robotics : issues, opportunities, challenges and future directions

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Author: Aditya, U.S.P. Srinivas1; Singh, Roshan2; Singh, Pranav Kumar3;
Organizations: 1IoT - Cognitive Systems & Industrial Robotics Lab, Tata Consultancy Services, Kochi, India
2Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India
3Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Central Institute of Technology, Kokrajhar, India
4Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC), University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.3 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-03-03


Robotics is the multi-disciplinary domain that is booming in today’s world, and expanding its roots deep into various fields of research, manufacturing industries, healthcare, and even in our day-to-day lives. Nevertheless, as with any other evolving technology, robotics face numerous challenges. In this context, lately, blockchain technology has been identified as a promising technology to resolve many of these issues such as identification of malicious/rogue nodes, malfunctioning/faults in automated processes, non-compliance to the agreed norms and privacy rules, security attacks on robotic systems, and non-transparency in performance monitoring and audits. In particular, blockchain with its features like decentrality, immutability, provenance, low operational cost, tight access control, and trustworthy operations, can offer significant improvements to new applications and use cases driven by robotics. Thus, the paper begins with exploring the key requirements and technical challenges encountered by robots in general. Next, it provides detailed overview of blockchain technology in a tutorial style. Then, the role of blockchain for different uses cases of robotics are surveyed. Furthermore, various technical challenges that need to be mitigated to harness full potential of blockchain for robotics are highlighted. Finally, the future research directions are presented that can pave the way ahead for advancements and profitable integration of blockchain in the realm of robotics..

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Series: Journal of network and computer applications
ISSN: 1084-8045
ISSN-E: 1095-8592
ISSN-L: 1084-8045
Volume: 196
Article number: 103245
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnca.2021.103245
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (