University of Oulu

Soomro, S., Barhoush, Y., Gong, Z., Kostakos, P., & Georgiev, G. (2021). TOOLS FOR RECORDING PROTOTYPING ACTIVITIES AND QUANTIFYING CORRESPONDING DOCUMENTATION IN THE EARLY STAGES OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT. Proceedings of the Design Society, 1, 3159-3168. doi:10.1017/pds.2021.577

Tools for recording prototyping activities and quantifying corresponding documentation in the early stages of product development

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Author: Soomro, Sohail Ahmed1,2; Barhoush, Yazan A. M.1; Gong, Zhengya1;
Organizations: 1Center for Ubiquitous Computing, University of Oulu, Finland
2Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.9 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Cambridge University Press, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-03-25


Prototyping is an essential activity in the early stages of product development. This activity can provide insight into the learning process that takes place during the implementation of an idea. It can also help to improve the design of a product. This information and the process are useful in design education as they can be used to enhance students’ ability to prototype their ideas and develop creative solutions. To observe the activity of prototype development, we conducted a study on students participating in a 7-week course: Principles of Digital Fabrication. During the course, eight teams made prototypes and shared their weekly developments via internet blog posts. The posts contained prototype pictures, descriptions of their ideas, and reflections on activities. The blog documentation of the prototypes developed by the students was done without the researchers’ intervention, providing essential data or research. Based on a review of other methods of capturing the prototype development process, we compare existing documentation tools with the method used in the case study and outline the practices and tools related to the effective documentation of prototyping activity.

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Series: Proceedings of the Design Society
ISSN: 2732-527X
ISSN-E: 2732-527X
ISSN-L: 2732-527X
Pages: 3159 - 3168
DOI: 10.1017/pds.2021.577
Host publication: Proceedings of the Design Society, 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2021, 16th - 20th August 2021, Gothenburg, Sweden
Conference: International Conference on Engineering Design
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Funding: This study has been financially supported by Academy of Finland 6Genesis Flagship (grant 318927).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.