University of Oulu

Mohammad I.M. Alzeer, Christopher Cheeseman, Paivo Kinnunen, New synthetic glass-based supplementary cementitious materials derived from basalt composition, Journal of Building Engineering, Volume 46, 2022, 103699, ISSN 2352-7102,

New synthetic glass-based supplementary cementitious materials derived from basalt composition

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Author: Alzeer, Mohammad I. M.1; Cheeseman, Christopher2; Kinnunen, Päivö1
Organizations: 1Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2UKCRIC Advanced Infrastructure Materials Laboratory, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, SW7 2BU, UK
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 7.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-04-11


The cement industry faces an increasing demand for new supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) as alternative to slags and ashes, the sources of which are in continuous depletion. This study reports on the characteristics of synthetic aluminosilicate glasses derived from basalt composition (BGs) as new SCMs. The pozzolanic activity of the developed glasses as well as their influence on the hydration kinetics, microstructure, and mechanical properties of blended cements are reported. The obtained results show that pastes containing BGs demonstrated faster hydration rate and higher compressive strength compared to those containing commonly applied granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS). In addition, the developed glasses demonstrated higher pozzolanic activity than GBFS as demonstrated form the measured amount of portlandite and strength activity index. The developed glasses can be obtained from earth abundant carbon-free raw materials as it is similar in composition to basalt. Therefore, this novel approach has potential to provide low-carbon cementitious binders for the concrete industry.

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Series: Journal of building engineering
ISSN: 2352-7102
ISSN-E: 2352-7102
ISSN-L: 2352-7102
Volume: 46
Article number: 103699
DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2021.103699
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 215 Chemical engineering
Funding: MIMA is grateful for the support from University of Oulu Kvantum Institute strategic research funding. PK is grateful for the support from the University of Oulu & The Academy of Finland Profi5 (326291), as well as for the Academy of Finland grant no. 322085. This work was carried out with the support of the Centre for Material Analysis, University of Oulu, Finland.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 322085
Detailed Information: 322085 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (