University of Oulu

D. P. Moya Osorio et al., "Towards 6G-Enabled Internet of Vehicles: Security and Privacy," in IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, vol. 3, pp. 82-105, 2022, doi: 10.1109/OJCOMS.2022.3143098

Towards 6G-enabled internet of vehicles : security and privacy

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Author: Osorio, Diana Pamela Moya1; Ahmad, Ijaz2; Sánchez, José David Vega3;
Organizations: 1Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., 02150 Espoo, Finland
3Departamento de Electrónica, Telecomunicaciones y Redes de Información, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito 170525, Ecuador
4Department of Computer and Information Science (IDA), Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 9.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-04-14


The conceptualisation of the sixth generation of mobile wireless networks (6G) has already started with some potential disruptive technologies resonating as enablers for driving the emergence of a number of innovative applications. Particularly, 6G will be a prominent supporter for the evolution towards a truly Intelligent Transportation System and the realization of the Smart City concept by fulfilling the limitations of 5G, once vehicular networks are becoming highly dynamic and complex with stringent requirements on ultra-low latency, high reliability, and massive connections. More importantly, providing security and privacy to such critical systems should be a top priority as vulnerabilities can be catastrophic, thus there are huge concerns regarding data collected from sensors, people and their habits. In this paper, we provide a timely deliberation of the role that promissory 6G enabling technologies such as artificial intelligence, network softwarisation, network slicing, blockchain, edge computing, intelligent reflecting surfaces, backscatter communications, terahertz links, visible light communications, physical layer authentication, and cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) will play on providing the expected level of security and privacy for the Internet of Vehicles.

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Series: IEEE open journal of the Communications Society
ISSN: 2644-125X
ISSN-E: 2644-125X
ISSN-L: 2644-125X
Volume: 3
Pages: 82 - 105
DOI: 10.1109/OJCOMS.2022.3143098
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: This work was supported in part by the Academy of Finland 6G Flagship under Grant 318927 and Project FAITH under Grant 334280; in part by the 5G-SAFEplus Celtic+ Project; in part by the Business Finland; and in part by the EU Project AirMOUR (Enabling Sustainable Airmobility in Urrban Contexts via Emergency and Medical Services) under Grant 101006601.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
334280 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Authors 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see