University of Oulu

Celik, I., Dindar, M., Muukkonen, H. et al. The Promises and Challenges of Artificial Intelligence for Teachers: a Systematic Review of Research. TechTrends 66, 616–630 (2022).

The promises and challenges of artificial intelligence for teachers : a systematic review of research

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Author: Celik, Ismail1; Dindar, Muhterem2; Muukkonen, Hanni1;
Organizations: 1Learning and Learning Processes Research Unit, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland
2Learning and Educational Technology Research Unit, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-04-25


This study provides an overview of research on teachers’ use of artificial intelligence (AI) applications and machine learning methods to analyze teachers’ data. Our analysis showed that AI offers teachers several opportunities for improved planning (e.g., by defining students’ needs and familiarizing teachers with such needs), implementation (e.g., through immediate feedback and teacher intervention), and assessment (e.g., through automated essay scoring) of their teaching. We also found that teachers have various roles in the development of AI technology. These roles include acting as models for training AI algorithms and participating in AI development by checking the accuracy of AI automated assessment systems. Our findings further underlined several challenges in AI implementation in teaching practice, which provide guidelines for developing the field.

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Series: TechTrends
ISSN: 8756-3894
ISSN-E: 1559-7075
ISSN-L: 8756-3894
Volume: 66
Issue: 4
Pages: 616 - 630
DOI: 10.1007/s11528-022-00715-y
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: Open Access funding provided by University of Oulu including Oulu University Hospital.
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit