University of Oulu

Biomacromolecules 2022, 23, 4, 1803–1811,

Renewable furfural-based polyesters bearing sulfur-bridged difuran moieties with high oxygen barrier properties

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Author: Ahmed, Asmaa M.1; Kainulainen, Tuomo P.1; Sirviö, Juho Antti2;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
2Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: American Chemical Society, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-04-26


With the goal of achieving high barrier with bio-based materials, for example, for packaging applications, a series of novel furfural-based polyesters bearing sulfide-bridged difuran dicarboxylic acid units with high oxygen barrier properties were synthesized and characterized. For the novel poly(alkylene sulfanediyldifuranoate)s, a 11.2–1.9× higher barrier improvement factor compared to amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) was observed which places the novel polyesters in the top class among previously reported 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) and 2,2′-bifuran-based polyesters. Titanium-catalyzed polycondensation reactions between the novel synthesized monomer, dimethyl 5,5′-sulfanediyldi(furan-2-carboxylate), and four different diols, ethylene glycol, 1,3-propanediol, 1,4-butanediol, and 1,5-pentanediol, afforded difuran polyesters with high intrinsic viscosities (0.76–0.90 dL/g). These polyesters had good thermal stability, decomposing at 342–363 and 328–570 °C under nitrogen and air, respectively, which allowed processing them into free-standing films via melt-pressing. In tensile testing of the film specimens, tensile moduli in the range of 0.4–2.6 GPa were recorded, with higher values observed for the polyesters with shorter diol units. Interestingly, besides the low oxygen permeability, the renewable sulfide-bridged furan monomer also endowed the polyesters with slight UV shielding effect, with cutoff wavelengths of ca. 350 nm, in contrast to FDCA-based polyesters, which lack significant UV light absorption at over 300 nm.

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Series: Biomacromolecules
ISSN: 1525-7797
ISSN-E: 1526-4602
ISSN-L: 1525-7797
Volume: 23
Issue: 4
Pages: 1803 - 1811
DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.2c00097
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation is acknowledged for providing financial funding (A.M.A.). The Finnish Cultural Foundation is acknowledged for the working grant (T.P.K.).
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society. Published under CC BY.