University of Oulu

Sumit Ghosh, Pentti Kaikkonen, Vahid Javaheri, Antti Kaijalainen, Ilkka Miettunen, Mahesh Somani, Jukka Kömi, Sakari Pallaspuro, Design of tough, ductile direct quenched and partitioned advanced high-strength steel with tailored silicon content, Journal of Materials Research and Technology, Volume 17, 2022, Pages 1390-1407, ISSN 2238-7854,

Design of tough, ductile direct quenched and partitioned advanced high-strength steel with tailored silicon content

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Author: Ghosh, Sumit1; Kaikkonen, Pentti1; Javaheri, Vahid1;
Organizations: 1Materials and Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Advanced Steels Research, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulun Yliopisto, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 11.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-04-27


The novel processing concept of direct quenching and partitioning (DQ&P) has been explored with a medium-carbon (0.4 wt.% C) steel to evaluate and optimize the processing route for excellent property combinations. New compositional design approach was based on physical simulation studies aiming to understand the influence of varying silicon contents (1.5, 0.75 and 0.25 wt.%) and Q&P processing parameters on microstructural development including carbide formation and retained austenite stabilization. Optimized Q&P parameters were selected to design a DQ&P processing route for laboratory hot-rolling trials based on the analyses of physical simulation data. The overall aim of the study was to produce ultrahigh-strength structural steels with yield strength ≥1100 MPa combined with high uniform and total elongation and impact toughness, achieved through designing a low-temperature quenching and partitioning route with effective carbon partitioning. The DQ&P steels gained an excellent combination of mechanical properties comprising of high yield strength of ∼1000–1200 MPa and tensile strength ∼2100–2300 MPa, good elongation (∼11–13%), and moderate impact toughness transition temperature T28J ∼ (−5 to +12 °C). Straining of austenite prior to DQ&P led to an extensive refinement of the final martensitic-austenitic nanostructure. Formation of nanoscale lath-martensite and fine film-like retained austenite structures enabled the observed improvement of mechanical properties. Besides the formation of nano-twinned martensite, inter-lath austenite and transitional carbides were comprehensively characterized. No adverse effect of prolonged partitioning during slow cooling, simulating coiling in actual industrial practice, has been noticed suggesting new possibilities for developing tough, ductile structural steels both for strip/plate products.

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Series: Journal of materials research and technology
ISSN: 2238-7854
ISSN-E: 2214-0697
ISSN-L: 2238-7854
Volume: 17
Pages: 1390 - 1407
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.01.073
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: The authors express their gratitude to the Academy of Finland to provide resources under the auspices of the Genome of Steel (Profi3) project #311934.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (