University of Oulu

Komasi, S., Rezaei, F., Hemmati, A., Rahmani, K., Amianto, F., & Miettunen, J. (2022). Comprehensive meta-analysis of associations between temperament and character traits in Cloninger’s psychobiological theory and mental disorders. Journal of International Medical Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/03000605211070766

Comprehensive meta-analysis of associations between temperament and character traits in Cloninger’s psychobiological theory and mental disorders

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Author: Komasi, Saeid1,2; Rezaei, Farzin2; Hemmati, Azad3;
Organizations: 1Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2Neurosciences Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3Department of Psychology, University of Kurdistan, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
4Liver and Digestive Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry Section, Regional Pilot Centre for Eating Disorders, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
6Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
7Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.5 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022050231804
Language: English
Published: SAGE Publications, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-08-01
Description:

Abstract

Objectives:To explore the relationship between temperament and character traits in Cloninger’s psychobiological theory and mental disorders.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted of five international databases for all articles published in English between January 1990 and April 2019 (PROSPEROCRD42019133214). Owing to heterogeneity, pooled estimates of correlations for personality disorders and standardized mean differences for case-control studies related to other mental disorders were calculated using the random-effects method.

Results:The pooled effect sizes obtained from 149 studies showed that high harm avoidance (related to 22/24 diagnostic categories), low self-directedness (21/23), low cooperativeness (17/23), high self-transcendence (14/23), low reward dependence (11/24), high novelty-seeking (10/24), low novelty-seeking (7/24), high persistence (2/23), low persistence (2/23) and high reward dependence (2/24) were related to psychopathology.

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Series: Journal of international medical research
ISSN: 0300-0605
ISSN-E: 1473-2300
ISSN-L: 0300-0605
Volume: 50
Issue: 1
DOI: 10.1177/03000605211070766
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1177/03000605211070766
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 515 Psychology
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Subjects:
Funding: The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and publication of this article: The project was funded by the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran (ID: 98724).
Copyright information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/