University of Oulu

Berggren K, Aarvik L, Huemer P, Lee KM, Mutanen M (2022) Integrative taxonomy reveals overlooked cryptic diversity in the conifer feeding Batrachedra pinicolella (Zeller, 1839) (Lepidoptera, Batrachedridae). ZooKeys 1085: 165-182.

Integrative taxonomy reveals overlooked cryptic diversity in the conifer feeding Batrachedra pinicolella (Zeller, 1839) (Lepidoptera, Batrachedridae)

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Author: Berggren, Kai1; Aarvik, Leif2; Huemer, Peter3;
Organizations: 1Bråvann terrasse 21, NO-4624 Kristiansand, Norway
2Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, NO-0318 Oslo, Norway
3Tiroler Landesmuseen Betriebgsges.m.b.H., Sammlungs- und Forschungszentrum, Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen, Krajnc-Str. 1, A-6060 Hall in Tirol, Austria
4Zoology Unit, Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, Finland
5Ecology and Genetics Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Pensoft Publishers, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-05-04


During efforts to generate DNA barcodes for all European Lepidoptera, Batrachedra pinicolella (Zeller, 1839) was found to comprise two genetically distinct clusters. Morphological investigation and results from two nuclear markers and ddRAD sequencing furthermore support the existence of two distinct taxa which we treat as two separate species, B. pinicolella and B. confusella sp. nov. A lectotype for B. pinicolella is designated. Available data indicate that the biology of both species also differs, with Picea abies (L.) Karsten as a proved host-plant for B. pinicolella and Pinus sylvestris L. for B. confusella sp. nov. Both species are mainly distributed on the European continent with B. pinicolella occurring in boreal parts of North and Central Europe and introduced to Canada, reflecting a boreo-montane distribution pattern. Batrachedra confusella sp. nov. is more widely distributed in temperate Northern and Central Europe.

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Series: Zookeys
ISSN: 1313-2989
ISSN-E: 1313-2970
ISSN-L: 1313-2989
Volume: 1085
Pages: 165 - 182
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.1085.76853
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Funding: The study was partially funded by the Promotion of Educational Policies, University and Research Department of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol with grants to the projects “Genetische Artabgrenzung ausgewählter arktoalpiner und boreomontaner Tiere Südtirols” and “Erstellung einer DNA-Barcode-Bibliothek der Schmetterlinge des zentralen Alpenraumes (Süd-, Nord- und Osttirol)”. DNA barcoding in Finland was supported by the Kone Foundation, Finnish Cultural Foundation, and the Academy of Finland through their grants to the Finnish Barcode of Life (FinBOL) and Finnish Biodiversity Information Facility (FinBIF).
Copyright information: © Kai Berggren et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.