University of Oulu

Walelign, S. Z., & Lujala, P. (2022). A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of displacement induced by climate change. World Development, 151, 105777.

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of displacement induced by climate change

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Author: Walelign, Solomon Zena1,2,3,4; Lujala, Päivi5,6
Organizations: 1Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
2The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA
3Center for Effective Global Action, University of California Berkeley, USA
4School of Economics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
5Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
6Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen, Norway
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.7 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-06-27


Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide resettlement programs related to climate change. This article proposes and validates a conceptual climate change resettlement capacity (CCRC) framework that can be used to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants. The CCRC framework focuses on livelihood reconstruction, as this is the primary aim of most resettlement programs and a key for successful resettlement and mitigation of impoverishment of resettled people and communities. The framework has two main dimensions — assets and conditions — as its foundation, with a set of subdimensions and generic indicators identified for both of them. Expert evaluation was used to validate the framework. The operationalization of the framework is illustrated through a case study of two regions of Ethiopia vulnerable to climate change. The framework is designed to assist international organizations, governments, planners, and policymakers in identifying both the most suitable and least suitable places to resettle communities in the face of actual or anticipated displacements due to climate change. In addition, the framework can be used by researchers to undertake theoretical and empirical studies on resettlement induced by climate change. With minor modifications, the framework can also be applied to resettlement capacity assessments for non-climate resettlement programs and research.

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Series: World development
ISSN: 0305-750X
ISSN-E: 1873-5991
ISSN-L: 0305-750X
Volume: 151
Article number: 105777
DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105777
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Funding: The research was funded by the Research Council of Norway (grant no. 274702).
Dataset Reference: Supplementary data to this article can be found online at
Copyright information: © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY license (