University of Oulu

Tomperi P, Kvivesen M, Manshadi S, Uteng S, Shestova Y, Lyash O, Lazareva I, Lyash A. Investigation of STEM Subject and Career Aspirations of Lower Secondary School Students in the North Calotte Region of Finland, Norway, and Russia. Education Sciences. 2022; 12(3):192.

Investigation of STEM subject and career aspirations of lower secondary school students in the North Calotte region of Finland, Norway, and Russia

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Author: Tomperi, Päivi1; Kvivesen, Mona2; Manshadi, Saeed2;
Organizations: 1Department of Education, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
2Department of Education, Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, 9019 Tromsø, Norway
3Department of Mathematics, Physics and IT, Murmansk Arctic State University, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-05-23


This study investigates the suitability of the STEM Career Interest Survey (STEM-CIS) to measure secondary school students’ aspirations towards STEM subjects and careers. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to assess the initial structural validity of the adapted STEM-CIS survey, where the science subscale was extended to four science disciplines, to align with the way science is taught in Finland and Russia. The results indicate that the interest in STEM subjects in general is not at a high level in any of the countries. There is a traditional gender gap regarding STEM subjects in every dimension, which favors females in biology and males in technology and engineering. STEM stereotypes among students—due to low exposure to STEM professions at school—can explain students’ low interest despite high self-efficacies. Our study shows that we must increase informal learning opportunities inside and outside school and improve career counselling for students so that they will be more informed of STEM career opportunities.

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Series: Education sciences
ISSN: 2227-7102
ISSN-E: 2227-7102
ISSN-L: 2227-7102
Volume: 12
Issue: 3
Article number: 192
DOI: 10.3390/educsci12030192
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This research was funded by Kolarctic CBC, EU, Russia, Norway, and Finland. This article has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. Founding nr. KO1049.
Copyright information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (