University of Oulu

Schuss C, Fabritius T. Impact of Environmental Conditions on the Degree of Efficiency and Operating Range of PV-Powered Electric Vehicles. Applied Sciences. 2022; 12(3):1232.

Impact of environmental conditions on the degree of efficiency and operating range of PV-powered electric vehicles

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Author: Schuss, Christian1; Fabritius, Tapio1
Organizations: 1Optoelectronics and Measurement Techniques (OPEM) Research Unit, University of Oulu, FIN-90570 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 16.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-05-23


This paper investigates the impact of environmental conditions on the possible output power of photovoltaic (PV) installations on top of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and battery-powered electric vehicles (BEVs). First, we discuss the characteristics and behavior of PV cells in order to provide an understanding of the energy source that we aim to integrate into vehicles. Second, we elaborate on how PV cells and panels can be simulated to estimate the potential extension of the electrical driving range (ERE) of BEVs and HEVs. In particular, we concentrate on the impact of the vehicle’s curved roof surface on the possible output of the PV installation. In this research, we present considerations for vehicles in both parking and driving conditions. More precisely, we demonstrate how the frequently changing environmental conditions that occur while driving represent significant challenges to the control of the operating voltage of PV cells. As the area for deploying PV cells on top of an electric vehicle is limited, attention needs to be paid to how to optimize and maximize the degree of efficiency of PV-powered electric vehicles.

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Series: Applied sciences
ISSN: 2076-3417
ISSN-E: 2076-3417
ISSN-L: 2076-3417
Volume: 12
Issue: 3
Article number: 1232
DOI: 10.3390/app12031232
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
216 Materials engineering
Funding: Dr. Christian Schuss was funded by the Academy of Finland 6Genesis (6G) project (grantno. 318927). Prof. Tapio Fabritius is partially supported by Academy of Finlands FIRI funding (grantno. 320017).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 318927
Detailed Information: 318927 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
320017 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (