University of Oulu

Tuire Oittinen, Multimodal and collaborative practices in the organization of word searches in lingua franca military meetings, Journal of Pragmatics, Volume 192, 2022, Pages 41-55, ISSN 0378-2166,

Multimodal and collaborative practices in the organization of word searches in lingua franca military meetings

Saved in:
Author: Oittinen, Tuire1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, PL 8000, 90014, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.8 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-05-24


This study investigates word finding difficulties in military meetings during a crisis management exercise in which English is used as a lingua franca (ELF). Multimodal conversation analysis (CA) is used to examine how searching for a next item in a turn-in-progress, i.e., a word search, is attended to via coordination of verbal and embodied conduct. The analysis shows different kinds of word search organizations: searches can be initiated and carried out without recruiting the co-participants’ assistance, co-participation can be invited to varying degrees, and searches can be collaboratively completed without the speaker’s visible attempts to solicit assistance. These organizations are illustrative of the institutional and interactional context, namely that the opportunities to invite and manage co-participation via verbal and bodily-visual resources, such as gaze and indexing or iconic gestures, are in some cases more limited than in others. These opportunities are foremost connected to the sequential and sociomaterial environment of word searches and the situated roles enacted by the participants. The study highlights word searches as discrete activities that make linguistic and epistemic discrepancies between the speaker and co-participants relevant and negotiable in the moment-by-moment unfolding of interaction.

see all

Series: Journal of pragmatics
ISSN: 0378-2166
ISSN-E: 1879-1387
ISSN-L: 0378-2166
Volume: 192
Pages: 41 - 55
DOI: 10.1016/j.pragma.2022.02.005
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
Funding: This work was supported by the Academy of Finland (project number 322199).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 322199
Detailed Information: 322199 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (