University of Oulu

Kozlov, M. V., Zverev, V., Gusarov, V. I., Korobushkin, D. I., Krivosheina, N. P., Mattila, J., Mutanen, M., Popova, A., Prosvirov, A. S., Punttila, P., Söderman, G., Stańska, M., Taylor, A., Vahtera, V., Zubrii, N. A., & Zvereva, E. L. (2022). Changes in Biomass and Diversity of Soil Macrofauna along a Climatic Gradient in European Boreal Forests. Insects, 13(1), 94.

Changes in biomass and diversity of soil macrofauna along a climatic gradient in European boreal forests

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Author: Kozlov, Mikhail V.1; Zverev, Vitali1; Gusarov, Vladimir I.2;
Organizations: 1Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
2Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, 0562 Oslo, Norway
3A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119071 Moscow, Russia
4Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
5Ecology and Genetics Research Unit, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
6Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, 119234 Moscow, Russia
7Biodiversity Centre, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), 00790 Helsinki, Finland
8Finnish Entomological Society c/o Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
9Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
10Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 756 51 Uppsala, Sweden
11Biodiversity Unit, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
12N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 163000 Arkhangelsk, Russia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-08-23


Latitudinal gradients allow insights into the factors that shape ecosystem structure and delimit ecosystem processes, particularly climate. We asked whether the biomass and diversity of soil macrofauna in boreal forests change systematically along a latitudinal gradient spanning from 60° N to 69° N. Invertebrates (3697 individuals) were extracted from 400 soil samples (20 × 20 cm, 30 cm depth) collected at ten sites in 2015–2016 and then weighed and identified. We discovered 265 species living in soil and on the soil surface; their average density was 0.486 g d·w·m−2. The species-level diversity decreased from low to high latitudes. The biomass of soil macrofauna showed no latitudinal changes in early summer but decreased towards the north in late summer. This variation among study sites was associated with the decrease in mean annual temperature by ca 5 °C and with variation in fine root biomass. The biomass of herbivores and fungivores decreased towards the north, whereas the biomass of detritivores and predators showed no significant latitudinal changes. This variation in latitudinal biomass patterns among the soil macrofauna feeding guilds suggests that these guilds may respond differently to climate change, with poorly understood consequences for ecosystem structure and functions

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Series: Insects
ISSN: 2075-4450
ISSN-E: 2075-4450
ISSN-L: 2075-4450
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Article number: 94
DOI: 10.3390/insects13010094
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Funding: M.V.K., V.Z. and E.L.Z. were supported by the Academy of Finland (projects 276671, 311929 and 316182); D.I.K. was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project 19-74-10104); A.S.P. was supported by Moscow State University (within the framework of State Research Assignment No.121032300063-3); M.S. was supported by Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities (research theme no. 74/95/S and 76/20/B); N.P.K. was supported by the Russian state project AAAA-A18-118042490060-1. DNA barcoding was financially supported by the Academy of Finland (project 283609).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 283609
Detailed Information: 283609 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (