University of Oulu

Fam, J. Y., Männikkö, N., Juhari, R., & Kääriäinen, M. (2022). Is parental mediation negatively associated with problematic media use among children and adolescents? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. Advance online publication.

Is parental mediation negatively associated with problematic media use among children and adolescents? : a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Author: Fam, Jia Yuin1; Männikkö, Niko2,3; Juhari, Rumaya4;
Organizations: 1Faculty of Behavioral Sciences, Education, & Languages, HELP University Subang 2
2Health and Social Care Unit, Oulu University of Applied Sciences
3Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu
4Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia
5Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Finland
6The Finnish Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: American Psychological Association, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-06-08


Parents in contemporary society face the challenge of establishing guidelines for how to manage their children’s and adolescent’s media use. Parental mediation, or the parenting strategies for regulating children’s media use, is frequently mentioned in discussions of problematic media use. However, previous research has provided inconsistent findings on the relationship between parental mediation and problematic media use. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the correlation between parental mediation (restrictive-, active-, and co-using mediation) and problematic media use (internet gaming disorder, social media disorder, and general problematic media use) among children and adolescents. Systematic literature searches were conducted in three online databases: Web of Science; Scopus; and EBSCO (CINAHL). PRISMA guidelines on eligibility criteria were observed. This review included a total of 41 studies which involved 47,264 children/adolescents (between 5 and 22 years of age) and 77,494 parents/carers. The initial results revealed that active mediation and co-using mediation are significantly correlated with problematic media use, while a nonsignificant relationship was found between restrictive mediation and problematic media use. Additional subgroup analyses revealed more complex relationships between parental mediation and problematic media use. This study highlighted certain methodological considerations that should be included in future studies to provide reliable evidence for the link between parental mediation and problematic media use.

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Series: Canadian journal of behavioural science
ISSN: 0008-400X
ISSN-E: 1879-2669
ISSN-L: 0008-400X
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1037/cbs0000320
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
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