University of Oulu

Bin Ahmad MS, Pesyridis A, Sphicas P, Mahmoudzadeh Andwari A, Gharehghani A and Vaglieco BM (2022) Electric Vehicle Modelling for Future Technology and Market Penetration Analysis. Front. Mech. Eng 8:896547. doi: 10.3389/fmech.2022.896547

Electric vehicle modelling for future technology and market penetration analysis

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Author: Bin Ahmad, Muhammad Salman1; Pesyridis, Apostolos1,2; Sphicas, Panos3;
Organizations: 1Center for Advanced Powertrain and Fuels Research (CAPF), Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Brunel University London, London, United Kingdom
2College of Engineering, Alasala University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom
4Machine and Vehicle Design (MVD), Materials and Mechanical Engineering, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Italy
6Istituto Motori-CNR, Napoli, Italy
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Frontiers Media, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-07-11


The transportation sector is generally thought to be contributing up to 25% of all greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions globally. Hence, reducing the usage of fossil fuels by the introduction of electrified powertrain technologies such as hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), battery electric vehicle (BEV) and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) is perceived as a way towards a more sustainable future. With a seemingly more significant shift towards BEV development and roll-out, the research and development of BEV technologies has taken on increasing importance in improving BEV performance and ensuring its competitiveness. Numerical simulation, using MATLAB, is performed as a tool to investigate and to improve the overall performance of BEVs. This study provides an overview of the possible technology outcome and market consequences for future compact BEVs along with HEVs, FCEVs and internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV). The techno-economics of BEVs, market projection and cost analysis up to 2050 are investigated, as are important BEV characteristics alongside those of other types of vehicles. Well-to-wheel analysis of BEVs is also studied and compared with HEV, FCEV and ICE.

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Series: Frontiers in mechanical engineering
ISSN: 2297-3079
ISSN-E: 2297-3079
ISSN-L: 2297-3079
Volume: 8
Article number: 896547
DOI: 10.3389/fmech.2022.896547
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 214 Mechanical engineering
Copyright information: © 2022 Bin Ahmad, Pesyridis, Sphicas, Mahmoudzadeh Andwari, Gharehghani and Vaglieco. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.