University of Oulu

Johannes Jutila & Tarja Outila (2022) Exploring the resilience of local detailed plans in the context of car parking at three study areas in the City of Oulu, Finland, Urban, Planning and Transport Research, 10:1, 274-293, DOI: 10.1080/21650020.2022.2087730

Exploring the resilience of local detailed plans in the context of car parking at three study areas in the City of Oulu, Finland

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Author: Jutila, Johannes1; Outila, Tarja1
Organizations: 1Oulu School of Architecture, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 9.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Informa, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-08-02


In Finland, based on the Land Use and Building Act, the city has a monopoly in urban planning and design. Through the planning monopoly, the city manages the urban planning process and thus consciously develops the urban structure. Based on the Act, the number of parking spaces stipulated for the property in the local detailed plan and building permit must be provided in connection with the construction work. The obligation of providing a number of parking spaces stipulated in local detailed plans affects the society in many ways. The provision of parking spaces is a key economic factor in construction costs. Car parking is also linked to changes in people’s mobility habits and car ownership. Occupancy rates for obligation parking spaces and other parking spaces vary over time and location. Car parking also impacts urban flood management. Rainwater volumes in condense urban structure can be significant and require heavy technical stormwater management solutions. Urban design is a key action of a city’s competence in terms of preparing for future changes. The number of parking spaces and stormwater management are key tools in urban planning that can be used to define resilience in the northern context of urban planning.

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Series: Urban, planning and transport research
ISSN: 2165-0020
ISSN-E: 2165-0020
ISSN-L: 2165-0020
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Pages: 274 - 293
DOI: 10.1080/21650020.2022.2087730
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 211 Architecture
Funding: This work was supported by the European Regional Development Fund.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.