University of Oulu

Kentosová, V., Al-Nabulsi, N., Arslan, A., & Golgeci, I. (2022). Immigrant Entrepreneurship and Dynamics of Being (Dis)Advantaged: An Exploratory Multi-Case Study of Eastern European Origin Immigrant Entrepreneurs in the Nordic context. In L.-P. Dana, N. Khachlouf, A. Maâlaoui, & V. Ratten (Eds.), Disadvantaged Minorities in Business (pp. 73-104). Springer.

Immigrant entrepreneurship and dynamics of being (dis)advantaged : an exploratory multi-case study of Eastern European origin immigrant entrepreneurs in the Nordic context

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Author: Kentosová, Veronika1; Al-Nabulsi, Nasib2; Arslan, Ahmad3;
Organizations: 1Department of Business Development & Technology, Aarhus University, Herning, Denmark
2Independent Post-doctoral Researcher, Vaasa, Finland
3Department of Marketing, Management & International Business, Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
4Department of Business Development & Technology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-06-23


This chapter focuses on the interlink between immigrant entrepreneurs, the gig economy, and the dynamics of being (dis)advantaged in a developed European economy’s (Denmark) context. Based on in-depth qualitative case studies of eight (8) gig economy entrepreneurs originally from Eastern European countries Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, and Slovakia, we found that being (dis)advantaged immigrant entrepreneurs is not that black and white phenomenon. We further found that most entrepreneurial ventures were started due to the inability of the immigrant to find a job in the area of his study or interest, mostly due to barriers to entry into the labor market. Significant differences in the dynamics of being disadvantaged based on sector of gig economy operations, where in highly skilled sectors, this phenomenon was less visible. We also found that ease of doing business in Denmark and available help for entrepreneurship played a key role in the start and later growth of gig economy entrepreneurial ventures of these immigrant entrepreneurs. Finally, the case respondents highlighted that despite certain prejudices that may lead to a disadvantaged position, language skills, as well as a supportive institutional framework, play an important role in diluting those influences.

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Series: Contributions to management science
ISSN: 1431-1941
ISSN-E: 2197-716X
ISSN-L: 1431-1941
ISBN: 978-3-030-97079-6
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-97078-9
Pages: 73 - 104
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-97079-6_4
Host publication: Disadvantaged minorities in business
Host publication editor: Dana, Léo-Paul
Khachlouf, Nada
Maâlaoui, Adnane
Ratten, Vanessa
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 512 Business and management
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This is an author accepted manuscript (AAM) version of the chapter published by Springer in the book “Disadvantaged Minorities in Business” edited by L.P. Dana et al.