University of Oulu

Lehtinen, M. (2021). Skolt Saami passive verbs. Finnisch-Ugrische Mitteilungen, 45, 15-52.

Skolt Saami passive verbs

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Author: Lehtinen, Miika1
Organizations: 1Giellagas Institute, PL 1000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Buske, 2021
Publish Date: 2022-08-22


This paper deals with the Skolt Saami passive verb suffixes -j- and -õõvvâ- (e.g. mott-j-ed ‘change (intr.)’, rottš-õõvvâ-d ‘be pulled’) cognate with North Saami -o(j)- and -uvva- (e.g. dahkk-o-t ‘be done’, muhttaš-uvva-t ‘change (intr.)’) as well as Finnish -u- ~ -y- (e.g. käänt-y-ä ‘turn (intr)’). The research material has two complementary parts: a dialectal dictionary and a speech corpus. The semantics of the relevant verbs in the material is examined. The main distinction is made between intentional passives (true passives having a volitional agent) and automative passives (actions that happen spontaneously or by accident, anticausatives). The results show that at least the suffix -jed and to a lesser extent -õõvvâd are mainly used to mark automative passives, but some instances of intentional passives are also found as well as some cases that are ambiguous between the two. The suffix -õõvvâd is used in the passive function more rarely than the suffix -jed and it has more functions.

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Series: Finnisch-Ugrische Mitteilungen
ISSN: 0341-7816
ISSN-L: 0341-7816
ISBN Print: 978-3-96769-171-9
Volume: 45
Pages: 15 - 52
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
Copyright information: © 2021 Finnisch-ugrische Mitteilungen.