University of Oulu

Savouré, M, Bousquet, J, Jaakkola, JJK, Jaakkola, MS, Jacquemin, B, Nadif, R. Worldwide prevalence of rhinitis in adults: a review of definitions and temporal evolution. Clin Transl Allergy. 2022;e12130.

Worldwide prevalence of rhinitis in adults : a review of definitions and temporal evolution

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Author: Savouré, Marine1,2; Bousquet, Jean1,3,4,5,6; Jaakkola, Jouni J. K.7,8,9;
Organizations: 1Université Paris-Saclay, UVSQ, Univ. Paris-Sud, Inserm, Equipe d’Epidémiologie Respiratoire Intégrative, CESP, Villejuif, France
2French Environment and Energy Management Agency, Angers, France
3Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany
4Comprehensive Allergy Center, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany
5Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Montpellier, France
6MASK-air, Montpellier, France
7Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
8Medical Research Center Oulu (MRC Oulu), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
9Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
10Univ Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de Recherche en Santé, Environnement et Travail) - UMR_S 1085, Rennes, France
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-08-24


Introduction: Although rhinitis is among the most common diseases worldwide, rhinitis prevalence in the general adult population is unclear and definitions differ widely.

Objective: To summarize the literature on rhinitis prevalence in the general adult population and to assess: (1) the prevalence according to different rhinitis definitions overall and in different regions of the world, and (2) the evolution of rhinitis prevalence over time.

Methods: We conducted an extensive literature review of publications including rhinitis prevalence using Pubmed and Scopus databases up to October 2020. We classified the definitions into three categories: unspecified rhinitis, allergic rhinitis (AR), and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR).

Results: Among 5878 articles screened, 184 articles were included, presenting 156 different definitions of rhinitis. Rhinitis prevalence ranged from 1% to 63%. The overall median prevalences of unspecified rhinitis, AR and NAR were 29.4%, 18.1% and 12.0%, and they varied according to the geographical location. Rhinitis prevalence tended to increase over time.

Conclusions: This review highlights the great heterogeneity of the definitions. The majority of studies had focused on AR, while only a few epidemiological data exist on NAR. We found geographical variability in rhinitis prevalence. Most of studies reported an increase of rhinitis prevalence over the last decades.

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Series: Clinical and translational allergy
ISSN: 2045-7022
ISSN-E: 2045-7022
ISSN-L: 2045-7022
Volume: 12
Issue: 3
Article number: e12130
DOI: 10.1002/clt2.12130
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Funding: This work is part of a thesis prepared in the framework of the Doctoral Network in Public Health coordinated by the EHESP. Marine Savouré was supported by the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) and the Université Paris-Saclay. Jouni J. K. Jaakkola and Maritta S. Jaakkola were supported by the Academy of Finland (grant no, 310372) and University of Oulu strategic funds.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 310372
Detailed Information: 310372 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Clinical and Translational Allergy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.