University of Oulu

Saarinen, A., Hintsanen, M., Vahlberg, T., Hankonen, N., & Volanen, S.-M. (2022). School-based mindfulness intervention for depressive symptoms in adolescence: For whom is it most effective? Journal of Adolescence, 94, 118– 132. https://doi.org/10.1002/jad.12011

School‐based mindfulness intervention for depressive symptoms in adolescence : for whom is it most effective?

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Author: Saarinen, Aino1; Hintsanen, Mirka2; Vahlberg, Tero3;
Organizations: 1Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
2Division of Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
4Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
5Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland
6Clinicum, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.4 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022082456164
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-08-24
Description:

Abstract

Introduction: There is accumulating evidence for the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in alleviating depressive symptoms. A crucial question is, however, whether mindfulness interventions are more effective for some individuals than others, depending on individual characteristics before a mindfulness intervention. We exploratorily investigated whether the effectiveness of school-based mindfulness intervention against depressive symptoms is modified by executive functions, rumination, and emotion regulation among adolescents.

Methods: The longitudinal data included adolescents with at least mild depressive symptoms at the baseline (n = 369, at the 6th–8th grade, 68.4% female) who were randomized into a 9-week school-based mindfulness intervention group, into an active control group receiving relaxation program, or into an inactive control group. Adolescents’ executive functions, rumination, and emotion regulation (i.e., acceptance, catastrophizing, and positive reappraisal) were assessed at the baseline; and depressive symptoms at three time points (at the baseline and at 9-week and 6-month follow-ups).

Results and conclusions: In adolescents with at least mild depressive symptoms at the baseline, high catastrophizing, high acceptance, and low executive functions were found to increase the effectiveness of mindfulness-based intervention against depressive symptoms. There seemed to be some sex differences. Thus, when aiming to alleviate depressive symptoms, mindfulness-based intervention may possibly be more effective for adolescents with high catastrophizing, high acceptance, and low executive functioning (than for adolescents with the opposite dispositions). However, as this study was exploratory by nature and corrections for multiple testing were not used, the findings must be regarded as preliminary and need confirmation in further studies.

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Series: Journal of adolescence
ISSN: 0140-1971
ISSN-E: 1095-9254
ISSN-L: 0140-1971
Volume: 94
Issue: 2
Pages: 118 - 132
DOI: 10.1002/jad.12011
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1002/jad.12011
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 515 Psychology
Subjects:
Funding: This study was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant no. 285283 for N. H.). This project is funded by Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; Juho Vainio Foundation; Mats Brommels Foundation; Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; and Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Journal of Adolescence published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Foundation for Professionals in Services to Adolescents. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/