University of Oulu

Abdulbari, A. A., Abdul Rahim, S. K., Abedi, F., Soh, P. J., Hashim, A., Qays, R., Ahmad, S., & Zeain, M. Y. (2022). Single-layer planar monopole antenna-based artificial magnetic conductor(Amc). International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 2022, 1–9.

Single-layer planar monopole antenna-based artificial magnetic conductor (AMC)

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Author: Abdulbari, Ali Abdulateef1,2; Abdul Rahim, Sharul Kamal1,2; Abedi, Firas3;
Organizations: 1Wireless Communication Centre (WCC), School of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai 81310, Malaysia
2Department of Computer Techniques Engineering, Imam Al-Kadhum College (IKC), Thi-Qar, Baghdad, Iraq
3Department of Mathematics, College of Education, Al-Zahraa University for Women Karbala, Karbala, Iraq
4Centre for Wireless Communications (CWC), University of Oulu, P. O Box 4500, 90014 Oulu, Finland
5Department of Computer Technical Engineering, College of Information Technology, Imam Ja’afar Al-Sadiq University, 66002 Al-Muthanna, Iraq
6Department of Medical Instrumentation Techniques Engineering, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Hillah 51001, Iraq
7Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganes 28911, Madrid, Spain
8Centre for Telecommunication Research and Innovation (CeTRI), Faculty of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Melaka, Malaysia
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.2 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Hindawi, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-09-16


In this paper, a coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed patch antenna is fabricated on a layer of metasurface to increase gain. The antenna is fabrication on Roger substrate with a thickness of 0.25 mm, with the overall dimension of the proposed design being 45 × 30 × 0.25 mm³. The size of the patch antenna is 24 × 14 × 0.25 mm³, and the AMC unit cell is 22 × 22 × 0.25 mm³. This metasurface is designed based on the split-ring resonator unit cells forming an array of the artificial magnetic conductor (AMC). Meanwhile, the antenna operation on 3.5 GHz is enabled by etching a split-ring resonator slot on the ground plane with a small gap to enhance antenna gain and improve impedance bandwidth when integrated with a metasurface. This simulation planer monopole antenna is applied for 5G application. The experimenter test is applied for the antenna performance in terms of return loss, gain, and radiation patterns. The operating frequency range with and without MTM is from 3.41 to 3.68 GHz (270 MHz) and 3.37 to 3.55 GHz (180 MHz), respectively, with gain improvements of about 2.7 dB (without MTM) to 6.0 dB (with MTM) at 3.5 GHz. The maximum improvement of the gain is about 42% when integrated with the AMC. The AMC has solved several issues to overcome the typical limitation in conventional antenna design. A circuit model is also proposed to simplify the estimation of the performance of this antenna at the desired frequency band. The proposed design is simulated by CST microwave studio. Finally, the antenna is fabricated and measured. Result comparison between simulations and measurements indicates a good agreement between them.

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Series: International journal of antennas and propagation
ISSN: 1687-5869
ISSN-E: 1687-5877
ISSN-L: 1687-5869
Article number: 6724175
DOI: 10.1155/2022/6724175
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
216 Materials engineering
Funding: This work was supported in part by the Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi (KPT), and in part by Universiti Teknologi Malaysia under the research Grant, Q.J130000.21A2.05E25, 4B536, 01M98, 4B536 and 01M98.
Copyright information: © 2022 Ali Abdulateef Abdulbari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.