University of Oulu

Lin, Y, Yan, B, Wen, Y, Liang, Z, Fabritius, T, Shu, Q. Dissolution behavior of silica in molten CaO–SiO2–Fe2O3–MgO–MnO slag. J Am Ceram Soc. 2022; 105: 3774– 3785.

Dissolution behavior of silica in molten CaO–SiO₂–Fe₂O₃–MgO–MnO slag

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Author: Lin, Yong1,2; Yan, Baijun1; Wen, Yongpeng1;
Organizations: 1School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China
2Research Unit of Process Metallurgy, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-09-22


The modification of basic oxygen furnace (BOF) slag by adding silica can improve the properties of BOF slag for applications in the cement industry. The rapid dissolution of silica is essential to hot slag modification. In this work, the dissolution behavior of silica in the molten CaO–SiO₂–Fe₂O₃–MgO–MnO system as synthetic BOF slag was investigated by using the traditional rotating cylinder technique. Effects of rotation speed, temperature, immersion time, and slag basicity on the silica dissolution were studied. Scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS) and FactSage simulations were employed to reveal the dissolution mechanism. It was found that the dissolution of the silica rod was affected by both the thermodynamic driving force and the slag viscosity. The silica dissolution rate in molten CaO–SiO₂–Fe₂O₃–MgO–MnO slag increased with increasing the rotation speed and temperature, but first increased and then decreased when decreasing the slag basicity from 2.5 to 1.5. A linear correlation between the logarithm of the dissolution rate and the logarithm of cylinder periphery velocity with a slope of 0.44 was observed, indicating the mass transfer within the boundary layer as the dissolution rate determining step. A direct dissolution way was found during the dissolution of silica in molten CaO–SiO₂–Fe₂O₃–MgO–MnO slag.

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Series: Journal of the American ceramic society
ISSN: 0002-7820
ISSN-E: 1551-2916
ISSN-L: 0002-7820
Volume: 105
Issue: 6
Pages: 3774 - 3785
DOI: 10.1111/jace.18346
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
215 Chemical engineering
216 Materials engineering
Funding: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51774026, 51774025). The author (Yong Lin) would also like to acknowledge the financial support from the China Scholarship Council (CSC202006460042).
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Journal of the American Ceramic Society published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Ceramic Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.