University of Oulu

Jyväkorpi Satu, K., Suominen Merja, H., Strandberg Timo, E. et al. Dietary fat intake and quality in long-term care residents in two cohorts assessed 10 years apart. BMC Nutr 8, 31 (2022).

Dietary fat intake and quality in long-term care residents in two cohorts assessed 10 years apart

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Author: Jyväkorpi, Satu K.1; Suominen, Merja H.1; Strandberg, Timo E.1,2;
Organizations: 1Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Tukholmankatu 8, 00014 Helsingin yliopisto, Helsinki, Finland
2Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
3City of Helsinki, Department of Social Services and Health Care, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
4City of Helsinki, Department of Social Services and Health Care, Oral Health Care, Helsinki, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-09-28


Purpose: To describe and compare detailed dietary fat intake, fat quality and associative factors between two measuring points 10 years apart of residents living in long-term care facilities, and to reflect how fat composition and fat quality corresponds to current nutrition recommendations.

Methods: In 2007 long-term care residents (n = 374) of 25 assisted-living facilities and nursing homes and in 2017–18 long-term care residents (n = 486) of 17 respective facilities in Helsinki metropolitan area were recruited for this study. Information on the residents’ heights, demographic information and use of calcium and vitamin D supplementation were retrieved from medical records. Residents’ clinical assessment included Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and questionnaire related to nutrition care. Participants’ energy and fat intake were determined from 1--2-day food diaries kept by the ward nurses, and fat quality indicators calculated.

Results: Age, gender distribution, MNA score or body mass index did not differ between the two cohorts. Residents’ cognitive status, subjective health and mobility were poorer in 2017 compared to 2007. Total fat and saturated fatty acid (SFA) intakes were higher and fat quality indicators lower in the 2017 cohort residents than in the 2007 cohort residents. Sugar intake, male gender, eating independently, eating larger amounts and not having dry mouth predicted higher SFA intake in the 2017 cohort.

Conclusions: The fat quality in long-term care residents in our study worsened in spite of official recommendations between the two measurement points.

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Series: BMC nutrition
ISSN: 2055-0928
ISSN-E: 2055-0928
ISSN-L: 2055-0928
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Article number: 31
DOI: 10.1186/s40795-022-00524-9
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Funding: This work was supported by Päivikki and Sakari Sohlberg foundation (SKJ) and VTR-funding of the Helsinki University Hospital (EVO) (KHP). Open access funded by Helsinki University Library.
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