University of Oulu

Aapo Lunden, « The biopolitics of Artic tourism development and sustainability », Via [Online], 21 | 2022, Online since 22 August 2022, connection on 30 September 2022. URL : ; DOI :

The biopolitics of Artic tourism development and sustainability

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Author: Lunden, Aapo1
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
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Language: English
Published: OpenEdition, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-09-30


In recent years, the concept of Arctification has been used to describe how spatial simplifications and strategic essentialisation of Northern Europe have been used for branding in tourism. This article deconstructs the Arctification phenomenon into three main dimensions, (I) exogenous tourism development, (II) territorialisation, and (III) consumptive ethics of planetary care. The article claims, from a biopolitical perspective, that arctified visions of tourism and sustainable tourism in the Arctic can be understood as the production of heterotopic spaces. By engaging with Foucault’s concept of heterotopia as spaces of exception based on deviation (alterity) and compensation (sustainability), the article further claims that it provides a valuable framework for analysing contemporary challenges and paradoxes of sustainability and tourism growth strategies in the Arctic. The article illustrates its main arguments by drawing examples of Arctification from Finnish Lapland.

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Series: Via
ISSN: 2259-924X
ISSN-E: 2259-924X
ISSN-L: 2259-924X
Issue: 21
DOI: 10.4000/viatourism.8084
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Copyright information: Via Tourism Review est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d'Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International.