University of Oulu

Abdollahifar, M., Molaiyan, P., Lassi, U., Wu, N. L., & Kwade, A. (2022). Multifunctional behaviour of graphite in lithium–sulfur batteries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 169, 112948.

Multifunctional behaviour of graphite in lithium-sulfur batteries

Saved in:
Author: Abdollahifar, M.1,2; Molaiyan, P.3; Lassi, U.3;
Organizations: 1Institute for Particle Technology, Technische Universität Braunschweig, 38104, Braunschweig, Germany
2Battery LabFactory Braunschweig (BLB), Technische Universität Braunschweig, 38106, Braunschweig, Germany
3Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, 90570, Oulu, Finland
4Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan
5Advanced Research Center for Green Materials Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-09-27


Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) have attracted significant attention as next-generation energy-storage systems beyond common lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), due to their high energy density potential and low-cost materials. Although graphite (Gr) is well-known as a state-of-the-art anode material in LIBs, it also has a great potential to be employed as a multifunctional material in LSBs. Gr and/or expanded Gr (EGr) particles along with S are promising cathode composites for LSBs. The EGr, with exceptional structure flexibility and high electronic conductivity, has been used as the most popular material in the LSB cathodes. Additionally, the Gr can be employed as an anode material of LSBs instead of Li metal, when Li₂S is a cathode. On the other side, many straightforward approaches have been planned to optimize the electrochemical performance of LSBs by modifying the separator via Gr coating or introducing an interlayer made by Gr particles between the cathode and separator to block polysulfides shuttle physically or chemically without reducing the active cathode material. Herein, the current status, critical findings, and challenges in improving Gr as a promising multifunctional material for the development of LSBs will be discussed.

see all

Series: Renewable and sustainable energy reviews
ISSN: 1364-0321
ISSN-E: 1879-0690
ISSN-L: 1364-0321
Volume: 169
Article number: 112948
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2022.112948
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 116 Chemical sciences
Funding: The authors thank the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) for the funding of the research project EVanBatter (Reference No. 03XP0340B) from Competence Cluster Recycling & Green Battery (greenBatt). This work was also supported and funded by EU/EURF (PASS, A76178) and EU/Interreg Nord (SolBat, grant no. 20202885) projects are acknowledged. N.W. acknowledge the funding from the Ministry of Education (110L9006) and Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan (MOST-110-2221-E-002-015-MY3). The authors are responsible for the contents of this publication.
Copyright information: © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license