University of Oulu

Xu, Q.-H., Wang, L., Liu, J., Deloule, E., Hanski, E., Gu, X.-Y., et al. (2022). Linking the Jehol Biota evolution to the Early Cretaceous volcanism during the North China craton destruction: Insights from F, Cl, S, and P. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 127, e2022JB024388.

Linking the Jehol Biota evolution to the Early Cretaceous volcanism during the North China craton destruction : insights from F, Cl, S, and P

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Author: Xu, Qi-Hu1; Wang, Lu1; Liu, Jia1;
Organizations: 1Key Laboratory of Geoscience Big Data and Deep Resource of Zhejiang Province, School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
2Université de Lorraine, CNRS, CRPG, Nancy, France
3Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.2 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-12-14


The Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota evolution has remarkable spatiotemporal correlation with the destruction of the North China craton though the coupling mechanism remains enigmatic. The craton destruction was accompanied by intense magmatic activity and the released volatiles and nutrients might have had climatic and environmental impacts on the biotic evolution. In this study, we investigated the mentioned hypothetical causal link by determining concentrations and total emissions of volatile elements (S, F, Cl) and bulk-rock P contents of volcanic rocks that were erupted during the pre-flourishing, flourishing and post-flourishing stages of the Jehol Biota. Our results show that the volcanism near the flourishing stage has lower S (1,083–2,370 ppm), Cl (1,277–5,608 ppm) and higher P₂O₅ contents (0.48–0.84 wt.%) than that in the non-flourishing stages with S of 1,991–3,288 ppm, Cl of 7,915–12,315 ppm and P₂O₅ of 0.17–0.23 wt.%. Fluorine contents in the three stages vary from 893 to 3,746 ppm. The total volatile emissions are minor in the flourishing stage (1–14 Gt S, 0.6–10 Gt Cl, 0.6–9 Gt F) but elevated in the non-flourishing stages (2–766 Gt S, 4–1,168 Gt Cl, 1–175 Gt F). Our data suggest that regional climatic and environmental impacts of volcanism in the non-flourishing stages probably hindered the species diversification. The high P flux released from lithospheric mantle-derived lavas during the peak time of craton destruction might have enhanced primary productivity and contributed to the flourishing of the Jehol Biota. Our study provides insights into the relationship between the biosphere and deep geodynamic processes driven by volcanism.

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Series: Journal of geophysical research. Solid earth
ISSN: 2169-9313
ISSN-E: 2169-9356
ISSN-L: 2169-9313
Volume: 127
Issue: 6
Article number: e2022JB024388
DOI: 10.1029/2022JB024388
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1171 Geosciences
Funding: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 41688103) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant K20210168).
Copyright information: © 2022 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.