University of Oulu

Annunen, P., & Haapasalo, H. (2022). Production Capability Creation (PCC) for Collaborative Construction Projects – A Qualitative Study From Finland. Construction Economics and Building, 22(3).

Production capability creation (PCC) for collaborative construction projects : a qualitative study from Finland

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Author: Annunen, Petteri1; Haapasalo, Harri1
Organizations: 1Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: UTS ePRESS, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-10-31


The construction industry has been suffering from modest productivity development in recent decades. To address the recognized problems, collaborative delivery methods are replacing traditional project delivery models, especially in large and complex projects. The aim of this research is to describe the production capability creation (PCC) process as a solution for planning the production phase. The PCC process should be implemented parallel to the design phase and owned by the production. A qualitative and inductive approach, based primarily on case company interviews, is applied to identify the twelve most important challenges for preplanning in the design phase from a group of different types of stakeholders in construction projects. Based on these challenges, the main areas of PCC are structured, solving the depicted production challenges, enabling a wasteless and cost-efficient production phase to avoid unnecessary delays and problems. Parallel implementation of PCC and design processes of the building naturally also improve the result of the design itself. With PCC, contractors can recognize the need for improvement in their processes but, more importantly, can directly contribute to the design of the building. Described PCC process solves major challenges emerging from the case company interviews. Earlier literature on capability creation is scarce, and for the construction industry it is even more narrow. The PCC process presented in this research enables significant improvement in efficiency and effectiveness, and the elimination of waste in the construction industry.

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Series: Construction economics and building
ISSN: 2204-9029
ISSN-E: 2204-9029
ISSN-L: 2204-9029
Volume: 22
Issue: 3
Pages: 1 - 21
DOI: 10.5130/ajceb.v22i3.8146
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 222 Other engineering and technologies
Copyright information: © 2022 by the author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License (, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.