University of Oulu

Chen, J., Peng, J., He, A., Gao, L., Omran, M., & Chen, G. (2022). Investigation on the decomposition of titanium slag using sodium carbonate for preparing rutile TiO2. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 290, 126626.

Investigation on the decomposition of titanium slag using sodium carbonate for preparing rutile TiO₂

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Author: Chen, Jin1,2; Peng, Jinhui1,2; He, Aoxi1;
Organizations: 1Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650093, PR China
2Kunming Key Laboratory of Energy Materials Chemistry, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming, 650500, PR China
3Process Metallurgy Research Group, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-08-07


This paper aims to provide fundamental knowledge to prepare rutile TiO₂ from titanium slag (71.66% of TiO₂, 7.70% of Total Fe) with the assistance of sodium carbonate roasting and microwave heating. The decomposition behaviors of the as-received titanium slag were investigated with experimental comparing groups, namely one group using conventional heating technique and another group using microwave heating technique, respectively. To understand the fundamental knowledge on the decomposition behaviour of titanium slag, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and laser particle size analyzer (LPS) were responsible for the evaluating of the products. Additionally, the influence of sodium carbonate on the phase transformation process was studied. The results indicate that the insoluble Na₂Fe₂Ti₆O₁₆ phase was detected in the conventional roasted product with a low Na₂CO₃/slag ratio, while this phenomenon was absent in the microwave roasted product. With the increasing amounts of Na₂CO₃, the particles of the final produced TiO₂ have a transformation from irregular shape to rod-like shape. Compared to the products produced by conventional heating techniques, the rod size of the products using the microwave heating technique is more refined. The noticed structure indicated that the microwave heating technique improves the crystallinity growth at a lower Na₂CO₃/slag ratio. The FT-IR results revealed that products’ adsorption ability was enhanced with an increase in Na₂CO₃/slag ratio and the application of microwave heating techniques. The LPS exhibited that the increase of Na₂CO₃/slag ratio restrained the particle size of rutile TiO₂, which was more evident for the microwave roasted product.

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Series: Materials chemistry and physics
ISSN: 0254-0584
ISSN-E: 1879-3312
ISSN-L: 0254-0584
Volume: 290
Article number: 126626
DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2022.126626
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
Funding: Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No: U1802255, 51504110, and 51404114) and Innovative Research Team (in Science and Technology) in University of Yunnan Province were sincerely acknowledged.
Copyright information: © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http:/