University of Oulu

Niina Kotavaara & Eeva-Kaisa Prokkola (2023) Employers, the state and highly skilled migration: an employer-based study on ICT sector companies in Finland, European Planning Studies, 31:10, 2110-2127, DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2022.2095199

Employers, the state and highly skilled migration : an employer-based study on ICT sector companies in Finland

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Author: Kotavaara, Niina1; Prokkola, Eeva-Kaisa1
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Informa, 2023
Publish Date: 2024-01-03


Employer-based migration research has paid little attention to the formation of relationships between the state and employers, and their distinct, yet interconnected, roles in shaping highly skilled migration. This study examines how employers perceive their role in relation to the state’s interwoven promotion and regulation practices, with an emphasis on information and communication technology (ICT) sector companies in Finland. The results indicate that the slow, complex and resource-intensive regulation-related migration bureaucracy limits companies’ recruiting efforts in Finnish labour markets, thereby working against the state’s political goal to alleviate labour shortages and enhance competitiveness in the Finnish ICT sector by promoting employment from outside of Finland. Furthermore, the companies expect the state to lower the barriers and bottlenecks of the employment process and play a larger role in promoting highly skilled migration by providing, e.g. support services, easy access to information related to residence permit processes and financial backing during all phases of the employment process. We emphasize that employers’ role in relation to the state in highly skilled migration is historically path-dependent and varies in different regional politico-economic contexts.

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Series: European planning studies
ISSN: 0965-4313
ISSN-E: 1469-5944
ISSN-L: 0965-4313
Volume: 31
Issue: 10
Pages: 2110 - 2127
DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2022.2095199
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 519 Social and economic geography
Funding: This work was supported by Pohjois-Pohjanmaan rahasto, The Ella and Georg Ehrnrooth Foundation, and Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiö.
Copyright information: © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European planning studies on 3 Jul 2022, available at: