University of Oulu

Karsikas, E., Meriläinen, M., Tuomikoski, A., Koivunen, K., Jarva, E., Mikkonen, K., Oikarinen, A., Kääriäinen, M., Jounila‐Ilola, P., & Kanste, O. (2022). Health care managers’ competence in knowledge management: A scoping review. Journal of Nursing Management, 30(5), 1168–1187.

Health care managers’ competence in knowledge management : a scoping review

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Author: Karsikas, Eevi1,2; Meriläinen, Merja3; Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria1,4,5;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Nursing Science and Health Management, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
3Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
4Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Oulu, Finland
5The Finnish Centre For Evidence-Based Health Care: A Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Helsinki, Finland
6Principal Lecturer, Team Manager of Master's Degree Programs
7Medical Research Centre Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.8 MB)
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Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-11-09


Aim: To identify current evidence on health care managers’ competence in knowledge management.

Background: Although successful knowledge management improves the quality of care and performance of health care organisations, there is limited evidence on health care managers’ competence in knowledge management.

Evaluation: A scoping review was conducted by including original published and unpublished studies (qualitative, quantitative, and experimental) and review designs in English, Finnish, or Swedish. The studies were retrieved from six databases (CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, Mednar, and Finnish database Medic) in November 2020 and then complemented in January 2022. Narrative synthesis was used to synthesize data.

Key issues: A total of 21 articles was included in the review. The main themes of managers’ competence in knowledge management presented in these were system management, professional development, and leadership behaviour and attitude. No valid and reliable instruments were described in the included studies.

Conclusion: At present, there is a limited understanding of health care managers’ competence in knowledge management. A comprehensive understanding of this topic can provide a direction for future research.

Implications for Nursing Management: The results can be utilized in the assessment and development of managers’ competence in knowledge management, as well as the formulation of education and in-service training for health care managers.

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Series: Journal of nursing management
ISSN: 0966-0429
ISSN-E: 1365-2834
ISSN-L: 0966-0429
Volume: 30
Issue: 5
Pages: 1168 - 1187
DOI: 10.1111/jonm.13626
Type of Publication: A2 Review article in a scientific journal
Field of Science: 316 Nursing
Funding: The reported review is part of the OSMU project ‘Sustainable growth and jobs 2014–2020 – Finland's structural funds program’, which is funded by the European Social Fund. We would like to acknowledge the European Commission for providing us the opportunity to investigate knowledge management competence among health care managers.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.