University of Oulu

Víctor Revilla-Cuesta, Francisco Fiol, Priyadharshini Perumal, Vanesa Ortega-López, Juan M. Manso, Using recycled aggregate concrete at a precast-concrete plant: A multi-criteria company-oriented feasibility study, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 373, 2022, 133873, ISSN 0959-6526,

Using recycled aggregate concrete at a precast-concrete plant : a multi-criteria company-oriented feasibility study

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Author: Revilla-Cuesta, Víctor1; Fiol, Francisco2; Perumal, Priyadharshini3;
Organizations: 1Department of Civil Engineering, Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Burgos, c/ Villadiego s/n, 09001, Burgos, Spain
2Department of Construction, Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Burgos, c/ Villadiego s/n, 09001, Burgos, Spain
3Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, 90014, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-11-18


Numerous test results at laboratory scale confirm the utility of Recycled Aggregate (RA) for the development of concrete that demonstrates durability and adequate in-fresh and mechanical behavior. However, feasibility evaluations of the use of RA in real industrial applications are necessary, before any large-scale industrial application of these products can begin. In this research, the feasibility of producing precast-concrete components containing large amounts of coarse RA at a precast-concrete plant is analyzed. Two Self-Compacting Concretes (SCC) were produced incorporating 0% and 100% coarse RA, respectively, at both laboratory scale (0.08 m³) and industrial scale (2 m³). Work took place at the industrial-scale facilities of a precast-concrete company that was collaborating in this study. Flowability and mechanical behavior were maintained as concrete production volumes increased, and concrete strength even increased after adding coarse RA, due to a careful mix design. However, the durability performance worsened by around 20% when produced at industrial scale, being this worsening higher whether coarse RA was used. A Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) analysis, in which the criteria of the precast-concrete company defined the relative importance of each concrete property, showed the feasibility of manufacturing precast-SCC components containing coarse RA for interior usage, whose fundamental requirement is adequate mechanical strength. The results of the MCDM analysis also underlined the lower cost of coarse RA, making its use in SCC components cast with large concrete volumes advisable. Overall, the addition of coarse RA in the precast-concrete industry is recommended in the interests of a greener construction sector.

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Series: Journal of cleaner production
ISSN: 0959-6526
ISSN-E: 1879-1786
ISSN-L: 0959-6526
Volume: 373
Article number: 133873
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.133873
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
215 Chemical engineering
Funding: The authors wish to express their gratitude for funding this research work to the Spanish Ministry of Universities, MICINN, AEI, EU, ERDF and NextGenerationEU/PRTR [PID2020-113837RB-I00; 10.13039/501100011033; TED2021-129715B-I00; FPU17/03374]; the Junta de Castilla y León (Regional Government) and ERDF [UIC-231]; and the University of Burgos [SUCONS, Y135.GI]. In addition, Priyadharshini Perumal acknowledges the financial support received from the project DeConcrete [grant # KO 4068: Eco-efficient Arctic technologies cooperation] funded by the Kolarctic CBC initiative of the European Union. Finally, the support and assistance of ARTEPREF S.A. for the development of this study is also highly appreciated.
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (