University of Oulu

Miettinen, J., Somani, M., Visuri, V.-V., Koskenniska, S., Louhenkilpi, S., Fabritius, T., & Kömi, J. (2022). Simulation of the solidification and microstructural evolution in steel casting processes using the interdendritic solidification tool. Steel Research International, 93(9), 2200120.

Simulation of the solidification and microstructural evolution in steel casting processes using the InterDendritic Solidification tool

Saved in:
Author: Miettinen, Jyrki1; Somani, Mahesh2; Visuri, Ville-Valtteri1;
Organizations: 1Process Metallurgy Research Unit, University of Oulu, PO Box 4300, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Materials and Mechanical Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, PO Box 4200, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5.1 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-11-18


InterDendritic Solidification (IDS) is a thermodynamic–kinetic software combined with a microstructure tool developed to simulate the nonequilibrium solidification (non-EQS) of steels. Herein, its main calculation module, solidification (SOL), is introduced, and some essential results of that module, such as the formation of ferrite and austenite in different types of steels during their solidification, and the formation and dissolution of precipitates during subsequent cooling and heating processes, respectively, following solidification, are presented. The non-EQS is compared with equilibrium and poor-kinetics solidification to demonstrate the effect of kinetics on the results using finite solute diffusion and microstructure data. The poor-kinetics solidification is comparable with the modified Scheil simulation ignoring the solid-state diffusion of slowly moving metallic elements. A particular emphasis is made on demonstrating how to use a postprocessing treatment to control the residual ferrite amounts in stainless steels and the extent of precipitation in particular steel. In this context, the phenomena occurring behind the results are discussed. Finally, to validate the simulations of the SOL module, its calculations are compared with numerous solidification measurements, such as the liquidus and solidus temperatures of different steels and the residual ferrite amounts in stainless steels.

see all

Series: Steel research international
ISSN: 1611-3683
ISSN-E: 1869-344X
ISSN-L: 1611-3683
Volume: 93
Issue: 9
Article number: 2200120
DOI: 10.1002/srin.202200120
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 216 Materials engineering
Funding: The research was conducted within the framework of the Genome of Steel project funded by the Academy of Finland (project #311934).
Copyright information: © 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.