University of Oulu

Chen, M., Pei, T., Jeronen, E., Wang, Z., & Xu, L. (2022). Teaching and Learning Methods for Promoting Sustainability in Tourism Education. Sustainability, 14(21), 14592. MDPI AG. Retrieved from

Teaching and learning methods for promoting sustainability in tourism education

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Author: Chen, Meiai1; Pei, Tingting1; Jeronen, Eila2;
Organizations: 1School of Landscape Architecture, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
2Department of Educational Sciences and Teacher Education, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-11-25


Teaching and learning methods play an important role in promoting sustainability in tourism education. However, previous studies mainly focus on sustainability in tourism. This qualitative survey provides an overview of how sustainable development and tourism education are taught and learned in higher education institutions. It aims to support the selection of teaching and learning approaches and methods for educating sustainability-driven tourism at universities. The materials were selected based on keywords in tourism education. The study describes 32 articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals from 2000 to 2022. The content of the articles was analyzed in detail using qualitative content analysis. Collaborative and interdisciplinary learning and case study teaching, alongside problem-based learning and experiential learning (outdoor learning), were utilized in 10 and 6 articles, respectively. Developing collaborative and interdisciplinary learning skills, developing systems thinking skills, developing experiential learning skills, and developing techniques for increasing environmental awareness were the key points of teaching and learning methods to promote sustainability in tourism education. Behavioral Change Wheel (BCW) in tourism should be implemented in school education to reach sustainable development goals and to support sustainable development.

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Series: Sustainability
ISSN: 2071-1050
ISSN-E: 2071-1050
ISSN-L: 2071-1050
Volume: 14
Issue: 21
Article number: 14592
DOI: 10.3390/su142114592
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Funding: This study received funding from the national innovation and entrepreneurship training program of Zhejiang A&F University, grant number 202010341026.
Copyright information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (