University of Oulu

Henri Salokangas, Petri Böckerman, Sanna Huikari, Marko Korhonen, Raija Korpelainen, Rauli Svento, Did the Finnish depression of the early 1990s have a silver lining? The effect of unemployment on long-term physical activity, Economics & Human Biology, Volume 46, 2022, 101139, ISSN 1570-677X,

Did the Finnish depression of the early 1990s have a silver lining? : the effect of unemployment on long-term physical activity

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Author: Salokangas, Henri1,2; Böckerman, Petri3,4,5; Huikari, Sanna6;
Organizations: 1Department of Economics, University of Turku, FI-20100 Turku, Finland
2Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland
3Labour Institute for Economic Research LABORE, FI-00530 Helsinki, Finland
4Department of Economics, University of Jyväskylä, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
5IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Bonn, Germany
6Department of Economics, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
7Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
8Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Oulu Deaconess Institute Foundation sr, FI-90101 Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-11-25


This paper studies the impact of long-term unemployment on physical activity. We examined the effects 6 and 15 years following a severe business cycle downturn in Finland over the period 1991–1994. The study sample comprised residents of Northern Finland. The unemployed individuals were 23–26 years old during the downturn. Physical activity, measured by MET minutes and meeting WHO guidelines, was higher 15 years later among those people who experienced the longest periods of unemployment in 1991–1994. Physical activity was somewhat lower among people with relatively shorter periods of unemployment.

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Series: Economics & human biology
ISSN: 1570-677X
ISSN-E: 1873-6130
ISSN-L: 1570-677X
Volume: 46
Article number: 101139
DOI: 10.1016/j.ehb.2022.101139
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
511 Economics
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (