Pohjamies, N., Mikkonen, K., Kääriäinen, M., & Haapa, T. (2022). Development and psychometric testing of the preceptors’ orientation competence instrument (Poci). Nurse Education in Practice, 64, 103445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2022.103445
Development and psychometric testing of the preceptors’ orientation competence instrument (POCI)
|Author:||Pohjamies, Netta1,2; Mikkonen, Kristina2; Kääriäinen, Maria3;|
1University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal and Plastic Surgery, Topeliuksenkatu 5, P.O. Box 266, FIN-00029 HUS, Finland
2Faculty of Medicine, Research Unit of Health Science and Technology, University of Oulu, Aapistie 5A, P.O. Box 5000, FI-90014, Finland
3Faculty of Medicine, Research Unit of Health Science and Technology, University of Oulu, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, Linnanmaa. P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Finland
4University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Nursing Research Center, Tukholmankatu 8 F, P.O. Box 442, FIN-00029 HUS, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022112967542
|Publish Date:|| 2022-11-29
Aim: To develop and psychometrically test a Preceptors’ Orientation Competence Instrument measuring orientation competence of nurses working as new employee preceptors.
Background: Competence of nurse preceptor is essential for a successful preceptorship and thus nursing staff’s commitment to the organization.
Design: Instrument development according to the COSMIN guidelines.
Methods and participants: Four phases were implemented: 1) establishment of the theoretical framework, modification of the validated Mentor Competence Instrument and generation of new items; 2) content validity testing; 3) structural validity testing; and 4) internal consistency testing. Content validity was evaluated by 14 experts using content validity index methods. Structural validity was evaluated using exploratory factor analysis with a convenience sample of 844 Finnish nurses. Internal consistency was evaluated by measuring Cronbach’s alpha.
Results: The content validity index of subdimensions of the instrument ranged from 0.80 to 0.94 for relevance and 0.80–0.94 for clarity. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a seven-factor model with 53 items (61.62% of total variance): preceptor characteristics, goal-oriented orientation, guidance in reflective discussion, knowledge of work unit orientation practices, creation of a supportive learning atmosphere, preceptor motivation and giving of developmental feedback. Cronbach’s alpha values varied from 0.79 to 0.93.
Conclusion: Preceptors’ Orientation Competence Instrument demonstrated adequate psychometric properties based on content and construct validity as well as internal consistency. Therefore, it is useful for self-evaluation of orientation competence of nurses working as new employee preceptors.
Nurse education in practice
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
This study was partly funded by the (University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal and Plastic Surgery). The funder had no role in the study design, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, article writing, or the decision to submit for publication.
© 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/).