University of Oulu

Tukiainen, H., Toivanen, M., & Maliniemi, T. (2023). Geodiversity and biodiversity. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 530(1), SP530-2022–2107.

Geodiversity and biodiversity

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Author: Tukiainen, Helena1; Toivanen, Maija1; Maliniemi, Tuija1,2
Organizations: 1Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, PO Box 3000 FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bergen, Postboks 7803, 5020 Bergen, Norway
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Geological Society of London, 2023
Publish Date: 2022-12-02


Non-living and living nature are inherently connected. Geodiversity, which consists of the variation in geology, soils, topography, geomorphology and hydrology, is seen as the foundation and stage for biodiversity. Underlying theory suggests that the increasing variation in the abiotic foundation creates and maintains available niche space for different organisms to thrive, resulting in higher biodiversity. Emerging scientific observations support this premise, indicating a positive influence of geodiversity on biodiversity across different environments, regions and spatial scales. Inclusion of geodiversity into biodiversity research and conservation therefore has capacity to improve our understanding of biodiversity patterns and dynamics. Current challenges that need to be overcome in this relatively new field of science are related to defining and measuring geodiversity and gaining more empirical evidence on the link between geodiversity and biodiversity. Despite these challenges, connecting these two concepts and embracing the interdisciplinary cooperation have great potential in advancing our understanding of diversity of nature and integrating geodiversity in conservation assessments across scales.

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Series: Geological Society, London, special publications
ISSN: 0305-8719
ISSN-E: 2041-4927
ISSN-L: 0305-8719
Volume: 530
Issue: 1
DOI: 10.1144/SP530-2022-107
Host publication: Visages of geodiversity and geoheritage
Host publication editor: Kubalíková, L.
Coratza, P.
Pál, M.
Zwoliński, Z.
Irapta, P. N.
van Wyk de Vries, B.
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 1172 Environmental sciences
1171 Geosciences
119 Other natural sciences
Funding: HT and TM were funded by the Academy of Finland project 322652. MT received funding from Maj & Tor Nessling Foundation.
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 322652
Detailed Information: 322652 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( Published by The Geological Society of London. Publishing disclaimer: