University of Oulu

Maskour, L., El Batri, B. E., Oubit, S. M., Jeronen, E., Agorram, B., & Bouali, R. (2022). Analysis of Drawings on Representations of COVID-19 among Senior High School Students: Case of the Dakhla-Oued Eddahab Region, Morocco. Education Sciences, 12(12), 892. MDPI AG. Retrieved from

Analysis of drawings on representations of COVID-19 among senior high school students : case of the Dakhla-Oued Eddahab region, Morocco

Saved in:
Author: Maskour, Lhoussaine1,2; El Batri, Bouchta3,4; Oubit, Sidi Mohamed1;
Organizations: 1Regional Center for Education and Training Professions (CRMEF), Dakhla-Oued Eddahab 73000, Morocco
2Interdisciplinary Research Laboratory in Didactics, Education and Training (LIRDEF), Ecole Normale Supérieure, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech 40000, Morocco
3Regional Center for Education and Training Professions (CRMEF Fez-Meknes), Fez 30000, Morocco
4Engineering Laboratory of Organometallic, Molecular Materials, and Environment (LIMOME), Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30000, Morocco
5Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
6Laboratory of Informatics Signals Automation and Cognitivism (LISAC), Faculty of Sciences, Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30000, Morocco
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 5 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-12-08


Since the coronavirus COVID-19 was identified as an international public health emergency in 2020, many studies on the perceptions of students in higher education have been published concerning it. Although young students’ perceptions also influence decision making and actions, their perceptions of COVID-19 have, so far, been little studied. Therefore, to increase knowledge about their understanding of COVID-19, a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted as a drawing survey in two schools in the Dakhla-Oued Eddahab region, Morocco. The participants were 94 high school students (aged 14–19). The drawings were analyzed by inductive and deductive content analysis. The findings show that the majority of the students knew the archetypal representation of COVID-19. They had a good grasp of the COVID-19, how it spreads, and how to stop it from spreading. Some students were aware of the potential dangers associated with COVID-19. Admittedly, misrepresentations related to fear and unfamiliarity with COVID-19 lead to mental health issues that undermine the key factors in students’ academic success. Younger children’s representations were dominated by magical thinking that reduces COVID-19 to preventive measures. Overall, the results made it possible to deduce that COVID-19 is strongly associated with terms that are both characteristic and socially valued (disease, prevention, barrier measures, etc.) and, conversely, with rather negative terms (fear of dying, anxiety, sadness, helplessness, etc.). The identification of these representations is very useful because they make it possible to apprehend and understand the attitudes and behaviors of these students, which, therefore, implies the need to define the appropriate teaching methods to try to align these behaviors with the behaviors desired.

see all

Series: Education sciences
ISSN: 2227-7102
ISSN-E: 2227-7102
ISSN-L: 2227-7102
Volume: 12
Issue: 12
DOI: 10.3390/educsci12120892 
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 516 Educational sciences
Copyright information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (