University of Oulu

Huttunen, K.-L., Väisänen, L. O. S., Paavola, R., & Muotka, T. (2022). Partitioning of benthic biodiversity in boreal streams: Contributions of spatial, inter-annual, and seasonal variability. Freshwater Biology, 67, 774–783. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13880

Partitioning of benthic biodiversity in boreal streams : contributions of spatial, inter-annual, and seasonal variability

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Author: Huttunen, Kaisa-Leena1; Väisänen, Leif O. S.1; Paavola, Riku2;
Organizations: 1Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Oulanka Research Station, University of Oulu Infrastructure Platform, Kuusamo, Finland
3Finnish Environment Institute, Natural Environment Centre, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.5 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2022121471510
Language: English
Published: John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-12-14
Description:

Abstract

1. Studies on biodiversity patterns should optimally relate different scales of temporal community variability to spatial variability. Although temporal biodiversity variability is often negligible compared to spatial variation, it may still constitute a substantial source of overall community variability in stream ecosystems. Boreal streams exhibit seasonally recurring environmental periodicity, which can be expected to induce synchronous dynamics of abiotic variables among sites, and consequently, to produce spatial synchrony of deterministically controlled biological communities with higher intra- than inter-annual community variability.

2. We sampled benthic macroinvertebrates in 10 near-pristine boreal streams on three different seasons (spring, summer, autumn) across 4 consecutive years in northern Finland. We aimed to identify the relative contributions of spatial, inter-annual, and seasonal variability to overall benthic biodiversity; and relate variation in benthic invertebrate communities to key environmental factors, particularly in-stream habitat diversity.

3. Among-site spatial variability was clearly the most important source of variation for both species richness and community dissimilarity. Of the two temporal scales, inter-annual variability contributed more to variation in taxonomic richness and seasonal variability slightly more to variability in community composition.

4. Only inter-annual variation differed systematically from random expectation, indicating strong stability (low variability) of stream macroinvertebrate communities across years, with less variation at sites with higher substrate heterogeneity. Considering the distinct seasonality of the boreal stream environment, seasonal variability accounted for an unexpectedly low amount of total community variability.

5. Although differences between seasons were small, autumnal sampling is likely to be the least susceptible to climatic vagaries, thus providing the most consistent and predictable conditions for benthic sampling in boreal streams, particularly for bioassessment purposes. Exceptional climatic conditions are becoming more frequent in northern Europe, probably causing substantial and largely unpredictable changes in benthic community composition. As a result, the importance of temporal (relative to spatial) community variability may increase.

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Series: Freshwater biology
ISSN: 0046-5070
ISSN-E: 1365-2427
ISSN-L: 0046-5070
Volume: 67
Issue: 5
Pages: 774 - 783
DOI: 10.1111/fwb.13880
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1111/fwb.13880
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Subjects:
Funding: We acknowledge Academy of Finland and University of Oulu (Kvantum Institute) for financial support.
Copyright information: © 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Huttunen, K.-L., Väisänen, L. O. S., Paavola, R., & Muotka, T. (2022). Partitioning of benthic biodiversity in boreal streams: Contributions of spatial, inter-annual, and seasonal variability. Freshwater Biology, 67, 774–783, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13880. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.