University of Oulu

Hyttinen, Marika, and Titta Kallio-Seppä, 'They Were Here Too: Women and Children in Industrial Communities', in Eleanor Conlin Casella, Michael Nevell, and Hanna Steyne (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Industrial Archaeology, Oxford Handbooks (2022; online edn, Oxford Academic, 20 Apr. 2022),, accessed 20 Dec. 2022.

They were here too : women and children in industrial communities

Saved in:
Author: Hyttinen, Marika1; Kallio-Seppä, Titta2
Organizations: 1Humanities, University of Oulu
2Archaeology, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oxford University Press, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-04-20


This chapter discusses the role of women and children within early industrial communities, groups that are largely overlooked in industrial archaeological research. We use the early industrial Pikisaari pitch mill community in the town of Oulu, Northern Finland as a case study, which has yielded diverse archaeological evidence for the presence of women and children in the pitch mill area. By combining material culture and written records, this chapter looks at the economic, social, and cultural roles played by men, women, and children in a proto-industrial community. This chapter argues that women and children played an important role in the maintenance of internal social and power relations, as well as the labour system, within early industrial communities. A holistic understanding of early industrial communities and their everyday life can only be achieved through the analysis of social aspects, including the role of women and children.

see all

ISBN: 978-0-19-175686-3
ISBN Print: 978-0-19-969396-2
Pages: 663 - 682
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199693962.013.50
Host publication: The Oxford handbook of industrial archaeology
Host publication editor: Conlin Casella, Eleanor
Nevell, Michael
Steyne, Hanna
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Copyright information: © Oxford University Press 2022. Published originally in The Oxford Handbook of Industrial Archaeology, Oxford Handbooks edited by Eleanor Conlin Casella, Michael Nevell, and Hanna Steyne, 2022, reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press