University of Oulu

Toikkanen, J. (2022). Endless North: Intermedial Experience of Motion and Balance in H. P. Lovecraft’s The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath. In: Alarauhio, JP., Räisänen, T., Toikkanen, J., Tumelius, R. (eds) Shaping the North Through Multimodal and Intermedial Interaction. Arctic Encounters. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Endless north : intermedial experience of motion and balance in H. P. Lovecraft’s The dream-quest of unknown Kadath

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Author: Toikkanen, Jarkko1
Organizations: 1Research Unit for Languages and Literature, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-05-31


I analyze H. P. Lovecraft’s technique of producing the experience of the endless north and how the sense of motion and balance may be affected through the rhetorical device of topothesia, or the description of an imaginary place, in the short novel The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath (1943). Worlds and realities are created through accounts of locations that grow ever more erratic and incomprehensible as the main character Randolph Carter proceeds on his journey, giving rise to a feeling of the sublime. I suggest a practical distinction between methods of intermedial and multimodal analysis, and employ a three-tier model of mediality to highlight the interaction of specific medialities. The words of Lovecraft’s story engage the senses by mediating imagined sensory perceptions the reader is compelled to imagine and turn into ideas, with the intermedial experience of the endless north shaped by the ongoing process.

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Series: Arctic encounters
ISSN: 2730-6488
ISSN-E: 2730-6496
ISSN-L: 2730-6488
ISBN: 978-3-030-99104-3
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-99103-6
Pages: 233 - 246
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-99104-3_11
Host publication: Shaping the north through multimodal and intermedial interaction
Host publication editor: Alarauhio, Juha-Pekka
Räisänen, Tiina
Toikkanen, Jarkko
Tumelius, Riikka
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 518 Media and communications
6121 Languages
6122 Literature studies
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: Use of this Accepted Version is subject to the publisher’s Accepted Manuscript terms of use