University of Oulu

Alarauhio, JP. (2022). Imaginations in the North: Cross-Modal Communication in Johan Ludvig Runeberg’s The Moose Hunters and Matthew Arnold’s Balder Dead. In: Alarauhio, JP., Räisänen, T., Toikkanen, J., Tumelius, R. (eds) Shaping the North Through Multimodal and Intermedial Interaction. Arctic Encounters. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Imaginations in the north : cross-modal communication in Johan Ludvig Runeberg’s The Moose Hunters and Matthew Arnold’s Balder Dead

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Author: Alarauhio, Juha-Pekka1
Organizations: 1Research Unit for Languages and Literature, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: embargoed
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2022
Publish Date: 2024-05-31


In this chapter, I propose that the literary communications in Johan Ludvig Runeberg’s The Moose Hunters (1832) and Matthew Arnold’s Balder Dead (1855) build on a range of intermedial practices. Not only are they multimodal in the virtual sense of representing “several modes of sensory perception” (Elleström in Iconic investigations. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013, p. 96), but also in that reading the poems with attention to such intermedial phenomena can enhance the reading experience and the understanding of how the poems make meaning on symbolic levels. To a high degree, the poems’ communications hinge on an aesthetic illusion that arises from vivid description. Employing intermedial practices such as cross-modal description and what (Rajewsky, Intermédialités 6:43–64, 2005) identifies as intermedial reference, this technique recruits a range of sensory modalities that are organized semiotically under the narrative frameworks of the epic tradition, producing the effect of the north as a stage on which broader political and cultural issues are thematized.

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Series: Arctic encounters
ISSN: 2730-6488
ISSN-E: 2730-6496
ISSN-L: 2730-6488
ISBN: 978-3-030-99104-3
ISBN Print: 978-3-030-99103-6
Pages: 213 - 231
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-99104-3_10
Host publication: Shaping the north through multimodal and intermedial interaction
Host publication editor: Alarauhio, Juha-Pekka
Räisänen, Tiina
Toikkanen, Jarkko
Tumelius, Riikka
Type of Publication: A3 Book chapter
Field of Science: 518 Media and communications
6121 Languages
6122 Literature studies
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: Use of this Accepted Version is subject to the publisher’s Accepted Manuscript terms of use