University of Oulu

Shrestha, B. (2022). Innovative methodology to guide planning of dental workforce distribution: A GIS-based study in Nepal. Community Dental Health, 39(1), 27–32.

Innovative methodology to guide planning of dental workforce distribution : a GIS-based study in Nepal

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Author: Shrestha, Barsha1; Karki, Saujanya2; Kruger, Estie1;
Organizations: 1School of Human Sciences, University of Western Australia, Australia
2Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
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Language: English
Published: British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-12-22


Objectives: To build a predictive model based on the distribution pattern of dentists and population in selective districts of Nepal. Method: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted using secondary data from the census report and available dentist data of Nepal. Population data were obtained from the most recently available census. For dentists’ data, a literature search was carried out in the databases such as PubMed, Google scholar, One Search and Medline. All data were extracted from the integrated database in the Geographic Information System (GIS), and a predictive model was built.

Results: Overall, there was an uneven distribution of dentists in Nepal. When the distribution of dentists was compared with the population clusters, it was found that the slope of the population growth was below or equal to (≤) 20,000 for three provinces (2, 6, and 7), which means that lower numbers of dentists are available with respect to population density in these provinces. The slope was above 50,000 for province 3, and the number of dentists was almost half of the total nationwide. The number of dentists correlated with population clusters.

Conclusions: There are substantial disparities in the distribution of dentists in Nepal. Dentists were distributed relative to higher population clusters and were unevenly distributed. The Nepal government should make necessary arrangements to address the need for the human workforce in resource-limited settings. The methods used in this study could be applied globally, as the data used are available for most countries.

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Series: Community dental health
ISSN: 0265-539X
ISSN-E: 2515-1746
ISSN-L: 0265-539X
Volume: 39
Issue: 1
Pages: 27 - 32
DOI: 10.1922/CDH_00024Shrestha06
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 313 Dentistry
Copyright information: © BASCD 2022.