University of Oulu

Dindar, K., Loukusa, S., Leinonen, E., Mäkinen, L., Mämmelä, L., Mattila, M.-L., Ebeling, H., & Hurtig, T. (2022). Autistic adults and adults with sub-clinical autistic traits differ from non-autistic adults in social-pragmatic inferencing and narrative discourse. Autism, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613221136003

Autistic adults and adults with sub-clinical autistic traits differ from non-autistic adults in social-pragmatic inferencing and narrative discourse

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Author: Dindar, Katja1; Loukusa, Soile1; Leinonen, Eeva2;
Organizations: 1Research Unit of Logopedics, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Finland
2Kathleen Lonsdale Institute for Human Health Research, Maynooth University, Ireland
3Research Unit of Clinical Medicine, Child Psychiatry, University of Oulu, Finland
4Child Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, Finland
5Research Unit of Clinical Medicine, Psychiatry, University of Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Persistent link: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe202301021148
Language: English
Published: SAGE Publications, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-01-02
Description:

Abstract

Since prior research has mostly focused on children, less is known about how autistic adults and adults with sub-clinical autistic traits interpret pragmatically complex social situations and the kind of narrative discourse they produce. 32 autistic young adults, 18 young adults with sub-clinical autistic traits and 34 non-autistic young adults participated this study. They were shown videos of social interactions which required complex pragmatic processing and were asked to freely narrate what they thought was occurring in each video. Their narratives were coded for aspects of social-pragmatic and narrative discourse. The results indicate that the autistic and sub-clinical groups differed from the comparison group in what they inferred as relevant video content. The narratives of the autistic group also differed from the comparison group in meaning, focus and emphasis on details. In addition, the comparison group produced more holistic narratives whereas the autistic and sub-clinical groups produced more atomistic narratives. Correlational findings indicated that perceptual reasoning has stronger associations with pragmatic inferencing in the autistic and sub-clinical groups than in the comparison group. This study suggests that autistic adults and adults with sub-clinical autistic traits differ from non-autistic adults in what they perceive to be relevant in their social world.

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Series: Autism
ISSN: 1362-3613
ISSN-E: 1461-7005
ISSN-L: 1362-3613
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1177/13623613221136003
OADOI: https://oadoi.org/10.1177/13623613221136003
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 6121 Languages
515 Psychology
Subjects:
Funding: This research was financially supported by the Academy of Finland (grant nos: 276578 and 333672), Eudaimonia Institute of the University of Oulu, Finland, the Alma and K. A. Snellman Foundation, Finland, and the Finnish Brain Foundation, Finland (earlier the Rinnekoti Research Foundation, Finland, and the Child Psychiatric Research Foundation, Finland).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 276578
333672
Detailed Information: 276578 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
333672 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © 2022 The Author(s). Dindar, K., Loukusa, S., Leinonen, E., Mäkinen, L., Mämmelä, L., Mattila, M.-L., Ebeling, H., & Hurtig, T., Autistic adults and adults with sub-clinical autistic traits differ from non-autistic adults in social-pragmatic inferencing and narrative discourse, Autism, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613221136003