University of Oulu

Fan, W., Hentilä, L. & Kyösti, P. Spatial fading channel emulation for over-the-air testing of millimeter-wave radios: concepts and experimental validations. Front Inform Technol Electron Eng 22, 548–559 (2021).

Spatial fading channel emulation for over-the-air testing of millimeter-wave radios : concepts and experimental validations

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Author: Fan, Wei1; Hentilä, Lassi2; Kyösti, Pekka2,3
Organizations: 1Antenna Propagation and Millimeter-wave Systems (APMS) section, Department of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
2Keysight Technologies Finland Oy, Oulu, 90014, Finland
3Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Oulu, 90014, Finland
Format: article
Version: accepted version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.3 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Springer Nature, 2021
Publish Date: 2023-01-13


Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication is regarded as the key enabling component for fifth-generation (5G) cellular systems due to the large available spectrum bandwidth. To make mmWave new radio (NR) a reality, tremendous efforts have been exerted from the industry and academia. Performance evaluation of mmWave NR is a mandatory step and the key to ensuring the success of mmWave 5G deployment. Over-the-air (OTA) radiated method of testing mmWave NR in laboratory conditions is highly attractive, since it facilitates virtual field testing of mmWave devices in realistic propagation conditions. In this paper, we first discuss the need for and challenges in OTA measurement of mmWave 5G NR under fading channel conditions. After that, two promising candidate solutions, i.e., wireless cable and multi-probe anechoic chamber (MPAC), are detailed. Their principles, applicability for mmWave NR, and main challenges are discussed. Furthermore, preliminary experimental validation results in a frequency range 2 anechoic chamber are demonstrated for the wireless cable and MPAC methods at 28 GHz.

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Series: Frontiers of information technology & electronic engineering
ISSN: 2095-9184
ISSN-E: 2095-9230
ISSN-L: 2095-9184
Volume: 22
Issue: 4
Pages: 548 - 559
DOI: 10.1631/FITEE.2000484
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 213 Electronic, automation and communications engineering, electronics
Funding: Project supported by the InnoExplorer Project Funded by Innovation Fund Denmark (No. 20199122-00089A)
Copyright information: © Zhejiang University Press 2021. This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: