University of Oulu

Outi Autti, Saara Intonen; The Recognition of War Refugees: Lapland, Love, and Care. The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 2022; 53 (1): 89–115. doi:

The recognition of war refugees: Lapland, love, and care

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Author: Autti, Outi1; Intonen, Saara2
Organizations: 1Architecture, University of Oulu
2History, Culture and Communication Studies, University of Oulu
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.4 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: MIT Press, 2022
Publish Date: 2023-01-20


According to Honneth, the mutual recognition essential for individual autonomy and a just society divides into three forms—love in primary relationships, rights in legal relationships, and solidarity in the community of value. Such recognition has three corresponding forms of disrespect—abuse, exclusion, and denigration, all of which can raise struggles for recognition. An analysis of empirical data—in this case, oral-history reports from Finnish evacuees to Sweden during the Lapland War (1944–1945)—within this framework of recognition reveals detailed information about the refugees’ wartime experiences, particularly those that they deemed significant enough to be remembered decades after the event.

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Series: Journal of interdisciplinary history
ISSN: 0022-1953
ISSN-E: 1530-9169
ISSN-L: 0022-1953
Volume: 53
Issue: 1
Pages: 89 - 115
DOI: 10.1162/jinh_a_01799
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 615 History and archaeology
Funding: Research materials for this article were collected as part of the project “Recognition and Belonging: Forced Migrations, Troubled Histories and Memory Cultures,” partly funded by the Academy of Finland, 2017–2021.
Copyright information: © 2022 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Inc.,